American-Israeli Among Winners of 2021 Nobel Economics Prize

Reuters
Haaretz
Send in e-mailSend in e-mail
Nobel Economics Prize committee members announce the winners of the 2021 prize, in Stockholm, on Monday.
Nobel Economics Prize committee members announce the winners of the 2021 prize, in Stockholm, on Monday.Credit: Claudio BRESCIANI / TT NEWS AGENCY / AFP
Reuters
Haaretz

American-Israeli Joshua Angrist won the 2021 Nobel economics prize alongside David Card and Guido Imbens for pioneering the use of "natural experiments" to understand the causal effects of economic policy and other events, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said on Monday.

Natural experiments use real-life situations to work out impacts on the world, an approach that has spread to other fields and revolutionized empirical research.

One such experiment by Canada-born economist Card on a minimum wage increase in the U.S. state of New Jersey in the early 1990s prompted researchers to review their view that such increases should always lead to falls in employment.

"Natural experiments are everywhere," Eva Mörk, a member of the Prize Committee for the Alfred Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic sciences, told a news conference of the impact the method has had across all the social sciences.

Angrist, who is a dual American and Israeli citizen, taught economics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in the mid-1990s.

He is the third Israeli to win the Nobel Prize in economic sciences, after Daniel Kahneman, who received it in 2002, and Robert Aumann in 2005. 

Past Nobel Economics prizes have been dominated by U.S. institutes and this was no exception. Card currently works at the University of California, Berkeley; Angrist at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge and Dutch-born Imbens at Stanford University.

"I was just absolutely stunned to get a telephone call, then I was just absolutely thrilled to hear the news," Imbens said on a call with reporters in Stockholm, adding he was thrilled to share the prize with two of his good friends. Angrist was best man at his wedding.

The prize, formally known as the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, is the last of this year's crop of Nobels and sees the winners share a sum of 10 million Swedish crowns ($1.14 million).

Card took half the prize "for his empirical contributions to labour economics", the academy said. Angrist and Imbens shared the other half "for their methodological contributions to the analysis of causal relationships".

The prestigious prizes for achievements in science, literature and peace were created and funded in the will of Swedish dynamite inventor and wealthy businessman Alfred Nobel.

They have been awarded since 1901, though the economics prize - created through a donation from Sweden's central bank on its 300th anniversary - is a later addition that was first handed out in 1969.

While the economics award has tended to live in the shadow of the often already famous winners of the prizes for peace and literature, laureates over the years include a number of hugely influential economists, such as the Austrian-British Friedrich August von Hayek and American Milton Friedman.

Comments