The holiday “means not a military but a spiritual victory, and without that it is impossible to build a strong society and a strong state,” Putin said on December 25, 2000, visiting a Jewish center to light Hanukkah candles in a public show of support for Russia’s Jewish community.
Putin’s appearance at the Maryna Roscha synagogue was seen as an attempt to boost relations with the Jewish community and allay growing fears of renewed Russian anti-Semitism.
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Earlier that month, Jewish groups accused the Kremlin of doing nothing to end attacks on Jewish targets.
Putin added that he considers it “a historic mistake” that 1 million former Russians now living in Israel “had been pushed away” by the Soviet regime. He stressed that he considers these Israeli citizens “our countrymen.”
Meanwhile, former Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, on a two-day visit to Russia, met with Putin at a reception in the local Jewish community center run by Chabad-Lubavitch.
The two politicians drank kosher wine and talked for an hour and a half.
After the dinner they spent two more hours discussing the possibility of an enhanced role for Russia in the Middle East, the role of the Russian community in Israel and the new U.S. administration of President-elect George W. Bush, Netanyahu told journalists.