Lithuanian City Defends Former Nazi Camp That Hosts Recreational Events

Recreational events are held near the graves of thousands of Jews killed by Nazis and local collaborators.

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Barracks at the former concentration camp known as Seventh Fort in Kaunas, Lithuania.
Barracks at the former concentration camp known as Seventh Fort in Kaunas, Lithuania. Credit: Wikimedia Commons

The city of Kaunas in Lithuania defended the operator of a former concentration camp where recreational events are held near the graves of thousands of Jews killed by Nazis and local collaborators.

The defense came this week from Deputy Mayor Povilas Maciulis, following an article published last month by JTA about summer camps, barbecue parties, treasure hunts and camping activities taking place at the Seventh Fort. In 2009 the city privatized the site, which is run by a nongovernmental organization, the Military Heritage Center, headed by 37-year-old amateur historian Vladimir Orlov.

“Yes, there are activities carried out in the museum, however, they are exclusively educational and pertaining to the museum’s purpose,” Maciulis wrote in a statement that he sent to several people a few days after the Israel director of the Simon Wiesenthal Center, Efraim Zuroff, asked the mayor to intervene to have festivities banned from the Seventh Fort – a former military complex that was turned into a camp in 1941.

During a July 12 visit to the Seventh Fort, JTA documented children playing and dancing near the barbecue  corner at the entrance to the camp. Asked whether one could have a wedding reception at the site, Orlov told a JTA reporter: “This is not a problem, it sometimes happens here,” and said he would send a price quote in an email, which never arrived.

Zuroff and the Lithuanian novelist Ruta Vanagaite independently confirmed the holding of recreational activities at the Seventh Fort in a Lithuanian-language book they coauthored and published earlier this year. Following the JTA expose, the news portal Lrytas published photos of a camping activity on the grounds.

On Friday the city posted on its website an interview with Orlov, in an unsigned article titled “Journalistic provocation didn’t work out: Kaunas respects and cherishes the memory of Jewish people.”

In it, he is quoted as saying: “No wedding party has even been hosted in the territory of the Fort,” though, “on several occasions newlyweds applied with a request to arrange photo shoots at the Fort, in the museum, surrounded by historic items.”

Orlov said that a mass grave for those who died at the camp – which is commemorated only by a pole — accounts for only two percent of the camp, and that no festivities are held there. According to the book by Zuroff and Vanagaite, Orlov exhumed bones found on the premises that had been reburied there in 2014 with help from the Jewish Community of Lithuania.

The community has complained to authorities in the past about the absence of commemoration and about the festivities, it said in a statement.

According to a 2011 report by the Delfi news agency, Orlov has received EU subsidies that make up part of a $160,000 budget for maintaining the Seventh Fort.

In the interview with Orlov, the city said it had “made a resolution to put in order the place of the Jewish massacre at the Seventh Fort” and that “this autumn the stairs will be arranged close to the mass grave, a place to have a seat and rest.” A “memorial stone will be erected in the location,” it added.

Zuroff told JTA he hoped the city would follow through, but that official reaction so far “is a cop-out.”

The failure to reply to his letter, he said, is indicative of a larger lack in motivation on the part of authorities in Lithuania to commemorate Holocaust victims seriously. “Instead of treating the problem, the municipality denies its existence,” he said.

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