Hungary's Oldest Holocaust Survivor Dies at 106

Elemer Spiegler was forced into mandatory labor by the Nazi-allied regime in Budapest before being sent to the Mathausen concentration camp

File photo: The main gate of Mauthausen concentration camp near Linz, Austria, 1945.
Lynn Heinzerling,AP

Hungary's oldest Holocaust survivor, Elemer Spiegler, passed away aged 106, the regional news portal nyugat.hu reported Thursday.

As a shoemaker, Spiegler was forced into mandatory labour under the Nazi rules for Jews applied by the regime of Miklos Horty, which allied itself with Adolf Hitler.

In 1944, Spiegler was sent to the Mauthausen concentration camp in Austria, surviving the brutal conditions until it was liberated by the Allies in May the following year. 

His entire family was, however, killed in the Holocaust. In 1948, Spiegler married Rozalia Weltlinger (1921-1996), who had managed to escape from Auschwitz. The pair had two children.

More than 500,000 Hungarian Jews died in the Holocaust.