U.S. President Donald Trump said North Korea showed disrespect to its major ally China after it fired a short-range ballistic missile on Monday that landed in the sea off its east coast.
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"North Korea has shown great disrespect for their neighbor, China, by shooting off yet another ballistic missile ... but China is trying hard!" Trump tweeted.
The apparent ballistic missile test is the latest in a string of launches as the North seeks to build nuclear-tipped ICBMs that can reach the U.S. mainland.
The suspected Scud-type missile launched from the coastal town of Wonsan flew about 450 kilometers, the South's Joint Chiefs of Staff said in a statement. It landed in western waters that are Japan's exclusive maritime economic zone, Japanese Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga said. He said there was no immediate report of damage to planes or vessels in the area.
North Korea is still thought to be several years away from its goal of being able to target U.S. mainland cities with a nuclear ICBM, but each new test puts it closer to success. The North has a strong arsenal of short- and medium-range missiles that target Japan and South Korea and U.S. forces in the region, and it is working to perfect its longer-range missiles.
There was no immediate comment from North Korea's state-controlled media. But the launch followed a report from the North that said leader Kim Jong Un had watched a successful test of a new type of anti-aircraft guided weapon system. It wasn't clear from the report when the test happened.
After the test, Kim said the weapon system's ability to detect and track targets had "remarkably" improved and its accuracy also increased, according to the official Korean Central News Agency. KCNA cited Kim as ordering officials to mass-produce and deploy the system all over the country so as to "completely spoil the enemy's wild dream to command the air."
The North's nuclear and missile programs are perhaps the biggest foreign policy challenges to the new leaders in allies Washington and Seoul.
Trump has alternated in his public statements between bellicosity and flattery. But his administration is still working to solidify a policy to deal with North Korea's nuclear ambitions.
A new liberal president in Seoul, Moon Jae-in, has signaled he will be flexible in expanding civilian exchange with North Korea. But many analysts say Moon won't likely push for any major rapprochement projects because North Korea has gone too far on its nuclear program. Monday's missile launch was the third one by North Korea since Moon's inauguration on May 10.
Moon called a National Security Council meeting to discuss the North's launch.
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who just returned from a G7 meeting in Italy, told reporters Monday that "North Korea's provocation by ignoring repeated warning from the international society is absolutely unacceptable."
Abe said Japan will "take concrete steps with the U.S. in order to deter North Korea," although he did not elaborate on specific actions. "We will also cooperate with South Korea and other members of the international society and maintain high levels of caution in order to do utmost for the protection of our people's safety."
Besides its regular ballistic missile test-launches, the North carried out two nuclear tests last year – in January and September. Outside analysts believe North Korea may be able to arm some of its shorter-range missiles with nuclear warheads, though the exact state of the North's secretive weapons program is unknown.
Moon has made tentative steps toward engaging the North by restarting stalled civilian aid and exchange programs as a way to improve strained ties.
South Korea said recently that it will allow a civic group to contact North Korea about potentially offering help in treating malaria, the first government approval on cross-border civilian exchanges since January 2016.