Spain, Britain, Austria, Sweden and Denmark recognized Venezuela’s opposition leader Juan Guaido as interim president of Venezuela on Monday, while France said he had the right to organize an election given the socialist government’s refusal.
The coordinated move from major European nations came after the expiry of an eight-day deadline they set last weekend for President Nicolas Maduro to call a new vote.
Britain is also looking at options including sanctions to bring about peace and democracy in Venezuela, Prime Minister Theresa May's spokesman said on Monday.
"Venezuelan people deserve a better future, they have suffered enough and the Maduro regime must end. It is time for free and fair elections," the spokesman told reporters. "We are looking at what further steps we can take to ensure peace and democracy in Venezuela including through sanctions."
The Venezuelan leader, accused of running the OPEC nation like a dictatorship and wrecking its economy, has defied that, saying Europe’s ruling elite are sycophantically following U.S. President Donald Trump’s agenda.
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Maduro told Spanish TV channel La Sexta in an interview broadcast late Sunday that he "accepts ultimatums from nobody," and that
the military option is "on Donald Trump's table."
He accuses the U.S. of "wanting to return to the 20th century of military coups, subordinate puppet governments and the looting of resources."
Guaido, who leads the opposition-controlled National Assembly, declared himself temporary leader last month in a move that has split global powers.
Trump immediately recognized him and European Union nations back Guaido, though some have been nervous over the global precedent of a self-declaration.
Russia and China, who have poured billions of dollars of investment and loans into the OPEC nation, are supporting Maduro.
“I recognize the president of Venezuela’s assembly, Mr Juan Guaido, as president in charge of Venezuela,” Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez said in a televised statement, urging a free and fair election as soon as possible.
British Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt followed suit.
“Nicolas Maduro has not called presidential elections within 8-day limit we have set,” Hunt said on Twitter. “So UK alongside European allies now recognizes @jguaido as interim constitutional president until credible elections can be held.”
French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian told France Inter radio station Guaido has “the capacity and the legitimacy” to organize a presidential election.
Le Drian said France would consult European partners over Venezuela, and that it was imperative the conflict was resolved peacefully and civil war avoided.
Sweden, Austria and Denmark also said they recognized Guaido as interim leader of Venezuela.
Maduro, 56, a former union leader, bus driver and foreign leader, replaced former leader Hugo Chavez in 2013 after his death from cancer. But he has presided over an economic collapse and exodus of three million Venezuelans.
He blames a U.S.-led “economic war” and also accuses Washington of seeking a coup against him. But critics say incompetent policies and corruption have gutted a once-wealthy nation while dissent has been brutally crushed.
Russia said the coordinated European move was an attempt to legitimize Guaido’s illegal attempt to seize power and amounted to foreign meddling.