From a dramatic embassy relocation to unprecedented interference in Israeli elections, Donald Trump’s four years in the White House have produced a long stream of headlines related to Israel. Trump entered the White House wanting to achieve what he called “The Ultimate Deal”, a peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinians, and while that did not happen during his first and potentially only term, many other things did.
In December 2017, Trump announced that he will move the American embassy in Israel to Jerusalem, a declaration that was met with jubilation in Jerusalem and rage in Ramallah. The ceremony marking the move itself, in May 2018, included speeches by two Evangelical pastors, one of whom with a record of hateful remarks against other religious groups. While the celebration took place in Jerusalem, dozens of Palestinians stormed the Israel-Gaza border and were shot to death by the Israel Defense Forces.
In the spring of 2019, just two weeks before an Israeli election, Trump hosted Netanyahu in the White House for an event in which America recognized Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights. Half a year later, just three days before another Israeli election, Trump tweeted that he and Netanyahu had discussed a mutual defense pact. The issue was never mentioned again after the election, and it also didn’t help Netanyahu politically in that election.
Trump’s plan for the Middle East, known in the region as the “Deal of the Century,” was unveiled in January 2020. It included Israeli annexation of approximately 30 percent of the West Bank, including each and every settlement in the area. The Palestinians were offered as part of the plan a "state" in name only, battered and cut into small pieces by the promised annexation.
That annexation, however, didn’t take place eventually. Instead, Trump’s son-in-law and senior adviser, Jared Kushner, negotiated three normalization agreements between Israel and Arab countries – the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Sudan – in exchange for Israel halting its annexation plans and giving a "green light" to the sale of advanced U.S. weapons systems to the UAE. The deals were praised as historic achievements in Israel and the region.
Trump has said that more Arab countries will sign normalization deals with Israel after the election. It remains to be seen if that will indeed happen, and if he will be a re-elected president at that point or a president on his way out.