U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson has arrived in Egypt at the start of a five-nation tour that coincides with heightened regional tension and unease over the Trump administration's Mideast policies.
His arrival Sunday came one day after Israel carried out a wave of airstrikes in Syria after intercepting an Iranian drone that had infiltrated its airspace and an Israeli F-16 was downed upon its return from Syria. It was the most serious Israeli engagement in Syria since the war there began in 2011.
In Egypt, as well as in Kuwait, Lebanon and Jordan — the tour's other Arab stops — Tillerson will almost certainly hear misgivings about U.S. President Donald Trump's recent decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital. The move angered Washington's Arab allies and undermined the chances of a timely resumption of long-stalled Israeli-Palestinian negotiations.
U.S. officials agreed on Friday that most of Tillerson's discussions will likely be difficult, saying those with NATO ally Turkey will probably be especially prickly given Turkish military action against U.S.-backed Kurdish rebels in northern Syria and escalating anti-American rhetoric in Ankara. But the officials said diplomacy is necessary to cement anti-Islamic State gains and restore regional stability as the administration presses other nations and private companies to help with post-war reconstruction.
Tillerson meets President Abdel-Fattah al-Sissi in Cairo on Monday, three days after the Egyptian leader ordered his security forces to launch a major offensive against Islamic militants in the Sinai Peninsula, Nile Delta and Western Desert.
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Tillerson will raise human rights issues with al-Sissi, according to the U.S. officials, who previewed the trip on condition they not be named. The timing is sensitive; Al-Sissi is seeking a second four-year term in office with no serious competition in the March election. The opposition is calling for a boycott of the vote after serious challengers were either arrested or forced to quit the race.
A general-turned-president, al-Sissi is running against an obscure politician who is among his ardent supporters.
Tillerson travels to Kuwait next to lead the U.S. delegation at two international gatherings — that of the 74 members in the U.S.-led, anti-Islamic State coalition and a conference on Iraqi reconstruction.
Tillerson will seek to focus the coalition on its priorities, many of whose members are increasingly distracted by national interests in Iraq and Syria.
The U.S. officials said the aim was to keep the coalition focused on the complete defeat of the Islamic State and other militant groups, and then rebuilding war-devastated zones to prevent extremists from regaining territory. They said the coalition would look at containment and elimination of ISIS outside of Iraq and Syria by strengthening intelligence sharing, law enforcement cooperation and counter-extremist messaging.
Tillerson will not be making any new U.S. assistance pledges at the Iraq Reconstruction Conference, the officials said. Instead, he'll press companies and banks to boost activities in Iraq to spur long-term development. Some 2,300 representatives from the private sector, including from more than 100 American companies, are slated to attend.
In Kuwait City, Tillerson will meet Kuwaiti officials who are attempting to mediate a resolution to disagreements between Qatar and its Arab neighbors Bahrain, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, as well as Egypt. All four nations complain that Qatar was moving too close to Iran and supporting militant groups. Doha denies the accusations.
In Jordan, Tillerson will be doing damage control after U.S. President Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital and his administration's subsequent decision to withhold aid money from the U.N. agency assisting Palestinian refugees. Jordan, which has a large Palestinian population, including refugees, is among the most concerned. In Amman, Tillerson is expected to sign a multiyear, multibillion dollar U.S. aid package with Jordan to shore up the relationship.
Tillerson concludes the trip in Ankara with talks with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan which are expected to be tense. The U.S. officials said Tillerson will repeat warnings for Turkey to show restraint in military operations in Kurdish areas of Syria.