A well-preserved twig of a podocarp conifer; fossils like this from Permian sedimentary rocks exposed along the shore of the Dead Sea shed new light on the early origins of major seed-plant lineages. Palaeobotany Research Group Münster

Fossils Unexpectedly Discovered in Jordan Change Paradigm of Plant Evolution

Paleobotanists thought seed plants evolved after the Permian mass extinction, but fossils of early pine trees and other gymnosperms found by the Dead Sea alter timeline

A quarter-billion years ago, life on earth almost died out. As the continents collided and formed a single great land mass – the supercontinent of Pangaea – the global climate changed. It became drier,...

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