Pope Francis to Visit Turkey as Region's Christians Flee Islamic State Persecution

To be his first visit to the predominantly Muslim country, which has become a refuge for Christians fleeing persecution by Islamic State militants in Syria and in Iraq.

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Pope Francis switches skull cap during his general audience at St Peter's square on October 15, 2014 at the Vatican.Credit: AFP

REUTERS - Pope Francis will travel to Turkey next month, the Vatican said on Tuesday, his first visit to the predominantly Muslim country which has become a refuge for Christians fleeing persecution by Islamic State militants in neighbouring Syria and in Iraq.

During his three-day visit, the pope will meet with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu. He will also meet Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I, the Istanbul-based spiritual leader of the Orthodox churches that make up the second-largest Christian church family after Roman Catholicism.

Islamic State militants have declared a caliphate in the territories they control and have killed or driven out large numbers of Christians, Shi'ite Muslims and others who do not subscribe to their hardline version of Sunni Islam.

Many have fled to Turkey, along with tens of thousands of Syrian Kurds who left as Islamic State forces seized dozens of their villages close to the border, where fighting continues.

A U.S.-led coalition has been carrying out air strikes on the militants near the Syrian border town of Kobani which is being defended by Kurdish fighters. Turkey said earlier on Monday it would facilitate passage of Iraqi Kurdish fighters to reinforce fellow Kurds in Kobani.

On Monday, Francis told cardinals at the Vatican that Islamic State had reached levels of terrorism "previously unimaginable".

"Many of our brothers are persecuted and were forced to leave their homes ... It seems that awareness of the value of human life has been lost, that people do not count and can be sacrificed for other interests," he said.

The Turkey trip would be Francis's third to a mainly Muslim nation after Jordan and Albania.