The U.S.-brokered negotiations at a UN base over boundaries in potentially gas-rich Mediterranean waters are the countries’ first direct talks in 30 years
The United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon, or UNIFIL, is a United Nations mandate established by UN Security Council Resolutions 425 and 426. These measures were passed in 1978 following the Israeli invasion of Lebanon. UNIFIL, which is headed by Major-General Claudio Graziano of Italy, was initially tasked with ensuring the withdrawal of Israeli forces from southern Lebanon, restore peace and security, and to assist the Lebanese government in ensuring the return of its effective authority in the area. The original mandate was reconfirmed again following the 2006 Second Lebanon War with UN Security Council Resolution 1701. This new resolution provided UNIFIL greater powers and it is active in southern Lebanon today.
UNIFIL’s mission in Lebanon has been seen as largely ineffective due to the lack of power granted to the force. After its establishment in 1978, UNIFIL was unsuccessful in preventing terrorist attacks on Israel by the Palestine Liberation Organization, whose militants were positioned along the Israeli border in southern Lebanon. UNIFIL’s failure to prevent attacks sparked Israel’s invasion of Lebanon in 1982, an operation which led Israeli troops into west Beirut with the goal of ousting the PLO leadership. The rise of the militant Shi'ite group, Hezbollah, in the vacuum created by Israel’s presence in Lebanon has only heightened the problems faced by UNIFIL. Border disagreements between Israel and Lebanon over the Shebaa farms is cited by Hezbollah as justification for continued armed struggle against Israel, even though the area is designated by the UN as part of Syrian territory.
A deadly cross border raid by Hezbollah, which sparked the 2006 Second Lebanon War, resulted in the renewal of the UNIFIL mandate in Lebanon. The first nation to contribute to UNIFIL’s revamped force was Ireland. UNIFIL maintains its headquarters in Naqoura, Lebanon. Although UNIFIL is present in southern Lebanon in order to assist the Lebanese government in establishing its control in the region, Hezbollah operatives continue to run the region. UNIFIL forces are unable to stop them due to the constraints placed on them. UNIFIL will remain in Lebanon until its mandate expires on August 31, 2010.
Israeli delegation set to depart for two days of negotiations at UNIFIL base in southern Lebanon
UN Approves Resolution Reducing Lebanon Peacekeeping Force, Boosts Scrutiny Amid U.S., Israeli Criticism
Resolution lowers troop ceiling while demanding more efficiency and collaboration from Beirut in tackling Hezbollah presence
President Rivlin tweets in Arabic: 'We sincerely reach out to offer our aid at this difficult time'
A report published in June on the UN observer force describes necessary reforms, but also applauds UNIFIL’s efficiency at preventing clashes between Israel and Hezbollah
The extension of the peacekeeping force, known as UNIFIL, comes as Israel calls for major changes in the way the mission operates on the ground in southern Lebanon
Israel wants the peacekeepers to have access everywhere in southern Lebanon and to report any obstructions on the part of Hezbollah operatives to the Security Council
Once a gateway community for Israeli troops entering south Lebanon, Metula is now more likely to house students than international journalists. Yet before the May 2000 withdrawal it was a place ‘full of life and action,’ as locals recall
Envoy Danny Danon insists that UNIFIL has access to all sites in Lebanon, and that any time that the peacekeeping mission is being blocked the UN Security Council must be immediately informed
Laying tunnel detection equipment was months in the planning, IDF says, and does not point to new Hezbollah tunnels detected
International dispute over 2015 nuclear deal an opportunity for increased pressure on Iran to withdraw its forces and 'advisers' from Syria and Lebanon, Eisenkot argues
Make your way through the narrow streets of the Palestinian camps overcrowded with Syrian refugees. The monument to the massacre is behind a market stall, at the back of a muddy field. Part 2 of 2 part series
The multinational force keeping Israel and Hezbollah apart has managed 13 years without major conflict. I went to southern Lebanon to see this small miracle up close – just as that winning streak is in danger of ending. Part 1 of 2 part series
According to Hezbollah-linked Al-Akhbar newspaper, Washington and Jerusalem want peacekeepers to increase patrols in southern Lebanon and are pushing the UN to boost inspections in the area
The United Nations' Interim Force in Lebanon says the tunnel, which Israel destroyed, violates cease-fire and calls on Lebanon to carry out follow-up actions
Nikolay Mladenov did not say whether the Lebanese government or Hezbollah were blocking access, but U.S. deputy ambassador Jonathan Cohen blames Beirut
Amal Mudallali calls on UN Security Council to act, says Israel is breaching post-Second Lebanon War resolution
Analysis Israel Takes Tunnel Op to World Stage Before Potential Use of Unprecedented Force in Lebanon
Israel is preparing for a public relations battle to halt Iran’s effort to build precision-missile factories in Lebanon, while setting the stage for a possible war with Hezbollah
Netanyahu also calls on UN force in Lebanon – headed by an Italian – to do more to stop Hezbollah aggression ■ At Yad Vashem, Italian Jewish leader calls on Salvini not to underestimate far-right anti-Semitism
Italians slam their deputy premier Matteo Salvini for calling Hezbollah terrorists in Israel: ‘Undermines role as impartial brokers’
Army says it holds the Lebanese government responsible for digging of tunnels, which it deems a violation of UN Security Council resolution
Attack tunnel discovered after Israel launched Operation Northern Shield earlier this week to destroy Hezbollah tunnels threatening to reach Israeli civilians ■ UN force in Lebanon promises to 'pursue follow-up action' with Israel
Foreign Ministry calls on Israel to show 'the necessary responsibility and restraint' and to 'avoid provocative steps'
Lebanese media sources say that Operation Northern Shield is an attempt to distract from domestic tension and Gaza failure ■ UNIFIL attempting to preserve calm and stability along Israel-Lebanon border
The post was erected under the guise of an activity by an environmental non-governmental organization, Israel says. 'Hezbollah is building military infrastructure along the border with its men moving there armed'
'Peace-keeping forces cannot substitute a diplomatic solution,' outgoing UNIFIL commander Maj. Gen. Michael Beary tells Haaretz ■ Israel's plan to buff up its defenses gets mired in politics
According to Guterres Lebanon's government and armed forces should 'take all measures necessary' to prevent Hezbollah from having paramilitary capacity outside the authority of the state
As Israel moves to reinforce border wall and Lebanon fights over its territorial waters, American mediation is making little headway - and Hezbollah isn't helping
The new fence, which will replace an existing barrier, is being built in two sections along the border with Lebanon
UNFIL will add more patrols in bid to fight what Israel and U.S. say is arms buildup by Hezbollah, as Security Council votes to extend mandate