The Syrian Arab Republic is a Middle Eastern country located on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. It shares a border with Lebanon, Turkey, Iraq, Jordan, and Israel.

For the past fifty years the country has been governed by the Assad family. The current president, Bashar Assad, took over after his father's death in 2000.

As of 2015, more than 250,000 Syrians have lost their lives in the ongoing civil war, which began with pro-democracy protests in 2011. More than 11 million have been forced from their homes in the conflict between the regime, ISIS, and anti-government forces.