Poland is a country located in central Europe on the Baltic Sea. Poland's neighboring countries are Germany to the west, Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east and Lithuania and the Russian province of Kaliningrad Oblast to the northeast. It hosts a population of approximately 38.5 million people, making it the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Andrzej Duda is the sixth and current president of Poland, holding the office since 6 August, 2015.

Between 1941 and 1945 Nazi Germany established six concentration camps on former Polish territory, Auschwitz-Birkenau, Treblinka, Majdanek, Chelmno, Belzec, and Sobibor, to fulfil the Nazi's "Final Solution."