The U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces announced last week that it has begun withdrawing forces from border towns as part of a 'safe zone' deal with U.S. and Turkey
Kurdistan is a region straddling northern Iraq, Western Iran, eastern Turkey and parts of Syria and Armenia. Some 30 million Kurds inhabit the region, and have struggled for decades recognition, influence, and an independent nation-state.
Israel was the lone regional voice supporting an independent Kurdistan, while the U.S., U.K. and Russia favored a unified Iraq as well. "A stable and unified Kurdish entity in the middle of this swamp, is not a bad idea," Netanyahu said in September. The prime minister added that while Israel sees the Kurdish guerillas PKK as a terrorist organization, "it supports the legitimate efforts of the Kurdish people to achieve their own state."
After the referendum, the Iraqi government led a military campaign to retake areas held by the Kurds, the city of Kirkuk becoming the initial flashpoint. After several military defeats the Kurds have largely backed down in their bid for independence and have yet to declare their own state.
Turkey launched the 'Claw' operation in May into mountainous northern Iraq against the Kurdistan Workers' Party, or PKK
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has threatened an imminent attack in the northeast to push back U.S.-allied Syrian Kurdish Forces
Turkey had in the past warned of carrying out military operations east of the river, but put them on hold after agreeing with the United States to create a safe zone
Security forces launch manhunt after rare attack on a restaurant where Turkish envoys meet, risking raising tensions between Kurdish groups and Ankara
The United Nations warned on Monday that up to 2 million refugees could flee to Turkey if fighting intensifies in northwestern Syria as aid funds run dangerously low
Turkey's defense ministry says it will continue the offensive against the PKK militant group until 'the last terrorist is neutralized'
Former prime minister Nechirvan Barzani will follow his uncle Masoud Barzani in office
Video published by the ministry defense showed helicopters landing commandos on mountainous terrain
Erdogan, who is trying to stick a wedge between the Kurdish voters and the Republican People’s Party, is taking advantage of Kurdish anger over Ekrem Imamoglu’s neglect to demand the release of 'arch-terrorist' Abdullah Ocalan
For eight years, a generation has grown up not only learning Kurdish but also believing that Kurds deserve rights
Turkey, Syria, Iraq and Iran have large Kurdish minorities seeking varying degrees of autonomy from central governments after decades of repression
The operation marked an escalation on one of the most complicated theatres of the multi-sided Syrian war
Last week, the Peoples Democratic Party (HDP) said it was being targeted in an 'organised political plot'
The Iranian and Syrian military chiefs were speaking after a meeting in Damascus that also included their Iraqi counterpart
Syria's Kurdish leaders hope for a political deal that would safeguard their autonomy and shield their region from Turkish attack
The footage shows fighters firing machine guns at ISIS-controlled territory as a large explosion took place and fires were burning in distance
Turkey's hatred of the Kurds means we have been shut out of international efforts to find a political resolution to the conflict in Syria
The women and children are among thousands of civilians who emerged in the past few days from the last speck of territory held by Islamic State
Explaining his group's plan to continue evacuating civilians from final ISIS stronghold, a spokesperson for the U.S-backed Syrian Democratic Forces vowed not to end 'moral victory over Daesh with a massacre.'
Poised to complete civilian evacuation of last ISIS stronghold, Kurdish forces say even small American presence will stabilize turbulent region
On the 40th anniversary of the Islamic revolution, leaders of the insurgency outline vision of 'radical decentralization'
'There are fears over the lives of thousands who are stranded,' head of Syrian Observatory for Human Rights says
Offensive begins after more than 20,000 civilians evacuated from last pocket the terror group holds in the east of the war-torn country
The Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces says it also captured a Saudi Arabian and an Egyptian
The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights says the blast targeted a convoy of the U.S.-led coalition and U.S.-backed Kurdish-led fighters
The YPG fear the U.S. withdrawal will open the way for a threatened Turkish attack into northern Syria, including Manbij
Erdogan's spokesman fires back: 'Terrorists can't be your partners and allies'
Washington has repeatedly said its Kurdish allies will remain safe despite the withdrawal
'It's important that we do everything we can to ensure that those folks that fought with us are protected,' secretary of state says in Iraqi Kurdistan, amid Turkish threats