The stories told by mosaic depicting boars, grape-eating hares and Greek gods
The Land of Israel has been a playground for archaeologists seeking to uncover ancient ruins and artifacts since the mid-nineteenth century.
Israel’s archaeological digs often center on the excavation of sites mentioned in the Bible. Since the beginning of the 20th century, remains of prehistoric settlements and sites have also been excavated.
Archaeology in the region expanded during the British Mandate period (1917 – 1948) and has increased with the founding of the modern state of Israel.
One of the most important discoveries was the Dead Sea Scrolls, between 1947–1956, in caves in Qumran by the Dead Sea, which revealed some of the earliest known copies of biblica books.
Israel hosts a number of important biblical and historic sites. Archaeological digs have uncovered remains from the biblical sites of Hazor, Megiddo, Be’er Sheva, Tiberias, Masada, and Herodian, to name but a few.
Archaeological research in Israel has been used as an important tool to build up the modern state and has helped establish historical links between the Jewish people, the Bible and land of Israel.
Archaeology in Israel involves the systematic investigation of all remains from the country’s past, from the prehistoric era to the end of Ottoman rule in Palestine.
Since Israel was historically situated at the crossroads between Africa and the East, and served as a land bridge between the prosperous cultures of the Fertile Crescent (now Iraq) and Egypt, archaeological artifacts from some of history’s most important civilizations and developments have been found in the region.
In all, there are over 20,000 recognized antiquities sites in Israel, and the Israel Antiquities Authority is charged with ensuring the protection of these sites and in issuing licenses for the excavation.
A woolly mammoth rib lying in a museum since 1848 has been dated to 12,800 years old – and becomes the latest evidence that we met and maybe ate of the elephant in northeast America, too
Modeling ear structures of Homo sapiens, Neanderthals and an archaic human from Spain shows the Neanderthals could hear, and produce sounds, much as we do
Fossils from the earliest primate group, the appropriately named Purgatorius found in Hell Creek, Montana, date to before the mass extinction 65 million years ago
Tel Aviv University archaeologists Miki Ben-Dor and Ran Barkai proffer novel hypothesis, showing how the greed of Homo erectus set us careening down an anomalous evolutionary path
Nearly 3,000 years ago, King Ahab of Israel and other oft-squabbling nations of the Levant came together to face the Assyrian Empire in an alliance whose importance echoes to this very day
The naturalistic painting of the roo on the ceiling of a rock shelter is a lot like Indonesian art tens of thousands of years earlier
We may however have delivered some megafauna species the coup de grâce, especially after a magnetic pole reversal caused global mayhem 42,000 years ago
In fact the 1,800-year-old stone coffins had been found a quarter-century ago, were mislaid and forgotten, Ramat Gan Safari Park officials say
Neanderthals hadn't been thought capable of fashioning clever 'Nubian Levallois' tools. Now a tooth found with such tools in a West Bank cave has been identified as Neanderthal
Facilities to make beer go back over 13,000 years, but nothing the size of this facility – built by a necropolis at Abydos – had been found before
Neolithic farmers built one of the earliest stone circles in Britain in the mountains of Wales. When they moved, they apparently brought their ancestral monuments along for the ride
Some experts claim the site is home to the biblical altar erected by Joshua; local authorities say contractor damaged ancient stone wall in course of work
Flutes made of bone go back tens of thousands of years, but this modified snail is the oldest shell-wind instrument ever found, scientists say
Collaboration between Ben-Gurion University and the Austrian Academy of Fine Arts will start by identifying the microbial miscreants – which must begin with cyanobacteria, as everything does
The teeth had been thought to date to as much as 120,000 years ago. But that’s not when they’re from, new study says
The six parallel lines on an aurochs bone weren’t made by nature or a butcher, but by the intent of the manufacturer, whether Neanderthal or sapiens
Olive pits in stone circles found at now-submerged Chalcolithic site suggest people started pickling this fruit earlier than previously thought – but only after they learned to make oil
Snags to creating a park starring Tell Megiddo, a proto-church, a unique Roman legion camp and much more, include a pesky prison smack in the middle and the billion-shekel bill to move it – and the plan to expand a highway
Different colonies of naked mole rat speak different dialects, scientists discover, and suspect it’s because the little rodents despise each other
Hoping to inquire into human-turtle relations in prehistory, a study finds spotty evidence of turtle consumption in the East Mediterranean – and it wasn’t because they were hard to catch
And at least 15,000 years ago – as the first humans walked to the Americas – they brought their dogs along
Colleagues and family agree: The Hebrew University professor who died this month was a mensch who loved Jerusalem as much as he loved his nonstop intellectual inquiry
Beneath the city’s ancient mosque is actually an older one from the seventh century, when Judaism, Christianity and Islam lived side by side
Chopping tools were the real original Swiss army knife of the archaic human set, says Prof. Ran Barkai, but nobody knew what they were used for – until now
A piece of the door-frame of an early church was reused in the wall of a luxury house in the late Byzantine or early Islamic period and has now been found during road work
Burials from 8,200 years ago on a wee island far up in the north contain all kinds of gear for the afterlife – half of which is elk teeth engraved to be worn as pendants
Ports in today’s Israel and Lebanon may have supplanted the great city of Ugarit as the main trading partner with the Aegean even before civilization collapsed in 1,200 B.C.E.
Early modern human art turns out to abound in Southeast Asia. The artists painting the Sulawesi cave wall over 45,500 years ago may have been depicting a whole social interaction between warty pigs
More than 2,000 years ago, miniaturized trees decorated King Herod’s palace in Jericho, in what could have been a display of the ruler’s power over nature – and his fealty to Rome