Urgings and pressures have not produced a substantial shift in Washington’s policy, but a crack was nonetheless forged. Is Iran willing to shift its stance?
Iran - U.S.
The history and relations between Iran and the United States are complex and multi-faceted, with today’s ideological and political conflicts having their roots in actions during the 1950s and U.S. involvement in Iranian affairs.
Until the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran, Tehran-Washington ties were of great strategic importance to both nations. Iran, led by the pro-American Shah, was a close ally in a much troubled and hostile region. The Shah resumed power after a 1953 coup sponsored the CIA and other international agencies, which led to the overthrow of democratically elected prime minister Muhammad Mossadeq.
Bilateral ties flourished throughout the Shah’s subsequent reign, but as tensions grew in the run-up to the 1979 revolution, the U.S. was seen as partially responsible within Iran for the Shah's oppressive regime. Relations reached breaking point in November 1979 when the Shah, by then in exile after the revolution, was allowed into the United States for medical treatment. Angry Iranian students stormed the American Embassy in Tehran, taking more than 60 people inside hostage. The bulk of the captives were only released in January 1981.
Hostility between the two countries seemed to solidify in the 1980s, with the revelation that U.S. was supplying Iraq with advanced weaponry during Iran’s eight year bloody war with Iraq. Furthermore, an Iranian passenger plane was shot down in 1988 by a U.S. Naval vessel inside Iranian waters, killing all 290 people onboard.
Iran-U.S. relations slightly improved in the mid-90s with the election of Iranian President Mohammed Khatami. The U.S. welcomed Khatami’s calls for dialogue and his reformist stance on bilateral ties. This was a short-lived rapprochement, and the election of hardliner Mahmoud Ahmadinejad as president sparked a new deterioration in Iran-U.S. ties.
Ahmadinejad’s regime has clashed with the Americans over U.S. support for Israel, its wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, and its position over Iran’s nuclear program. The U.S. and the West have accused Iran of seeking to build nuclear weapons, and have pushed for a series of sanctions aimed at curbing these atomic aspirations. The U.S. has also declined to rule out a strike on Iran to stop it from building a nuclear bomb. The U.S. also views Iran as meddling in Middle Eastern peace bids, encouraging Syria to resist American overtures and supporting Palestinian Islamic militant group Hamas and Lebanese-based Shi'ite organization Hezbollah.
Esmail Ghaani, head of Iran’s expeditionary Quds Force, succeeded slain Iranian general Qassim Soleimani who was killed by a U.S. strike at Baghdad's airport
'Iran will pay a very heavy price, indeed!' tweeted Trump without clarifying what information he was referring to
'It was a great opportunity for Americans to apologize ... and to lift the unjust and unfair sanctions on Iran'
Pompeo, who said sanctions don't apply to humanitarian supplies, said when asked if U.S. might reevaluate its stance on sanctions, 'would we ever rethink? – Of course'
Russian, Chinese and European companies will be able to continue their work, despite the United States tightening sanctions
Coalition forces handed over the K1 base in the northern Iraqi province of Kirkuk to Iraq's military
Iranian sources say Revolutionary Guards warned the victim before the deadly shooting
Humanitarian supplies are exempt from sanctions Washington reimposed on Tehran after President Donald Trump abandoned Iran's 2015 multilateral deal to limit its nuclear program
Trump said he had not been told that Robert Levinson, the former FBI agent who disappeared in March 2007, was dead
Khamenei says U.S. could send medications that spread the coronavirus, as debate rages in Washington over sanction policy
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei's comments come as Iran faces crushing U.S. sanctions blocking the country from selling its crude oil and accessing international financial markets
Two rockets fell outside Baghdad's Green Zone on Tuesday without causing any reported casualties, Iraq's military said in a statement, the fourth such attack in the span of a week
Heavily fortified compound hosts U.S. Embassy
China had called on the U.S. to ease sanctions as the country faces one of the world's worst cornavirus crises, but to no avail
The rockets hit the Basmaya base near the Iraqi capital on Monday evening, the army statement said
Iraq's military condemned overnight U.S. air strikes on Friday, saying they had killed six people and describing them as a violation of sovereignty
Trump alluded to a possible response during a press conference with Irish PM Leo Varadkar
'I have spoken with the president. He's given me the authority to do what we need to do,' said Defense Secretary Mark Esper
Coronavirus Makes Iran More Dangerous: U.S. General Says After Attack in Iraq Kills U.S. and British Troops
U.S. Marine General Kenneth McKenzie, the head of Central Command said he believes Iran is significantly underreporting the number of its coronavirus victims
'Our founding fathers did not want dictators running America,' said Representative Steny Hoyer, the No. 2 Democrat in the House
Air strikes hit targets near strategic border crossing between Syria and Iraq, known to be on a supply route for Iran-backed militia
U.S. in process of bringing air defense systems into Iraq: general
Plummeting production and exports have deepened the country's recession
Video statement regarding man convicted of spying for the CIA appears on website linked to Iran's judiciary
The Islamic Republic turns down help from the U.S. for coping with the virus, saying they are 'suspicious' of the intentions: 'We neither count on such help nor are we ready to accept verbal help'
The license would allow for international companies to send food, medicine and other critical supplies to Iran
Meeting of senior officials came more than a month after European parties to the pact — France, Britain and Germany — formally accused Iran of violating its terms
Iran's coronavirus death toll rose to 16 on Tuesday, the highest outside China, increasing its international isolation
Oman is concerned that the Trump administration's maximum pressure campaign against Iran, as well as rising tensions in the region, could harm tourism, economic growth, and oil interests