Relatives of families from the area and Syrian state media said dozens of people have been killed in the last two weeks from U.S. coalition airstrikes
Iran - U.S.
The history and relations between Iran and the United States are complex and multi-faceted, with today’s ideological and political conflicts having their roots in actions during the 1950s and U.S. involvement in Iranian affairs.
Until the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran, Tehran-Washington ties were of great strategic importance to both nations. Iran, led by the pro-American Shah, was a close ally in a much troubled and hostile region. The Shah resumed power after a 1953 coup sponsored the CIA and other international agencies, which led to the overthrow of democratically elected prime minister Muhammad Mossadeq.
Bilateral ties flourished throughout the Shah’s subsequent reign, but as tensions grew in the run-up to the 1979 revolution, the U.S. was seen as partially responsible within Iran for the Shah's oppressive regime. Relations reached breaking point in November 1979 when the Shah, by then in exile after the revolution, was allowed into the United States for medical treatment. Angry Iranian students stormed the American Embassy in Tehran, taking more than 60 people inside hostage. The bulk of the captives were only released in January 1981.
Hostility between the two countries seemed to solidify in the 1980s, with the revelation that U.S. was supplying Iraq with advanced weaponry during Iran’s eight year bloody war with Iraq. Furthermore, an Iranian passenger plane was shot down in 1988 by a U.S. Naval vessel inside Iranian waters, killing all 290 people onboard.
Iran-U.S. relations slightly improved in the mid-90s with the election of Iranian President Mohammed Khatami. The U.S. welcomed Khatami’s calls for dialogue and his reformist stance on bilateral ties. This was a short-lived rapprochement, and the election of hardliner Mahmoud Ahmadinejad as president sparked a new deterioration in Iran-U.S. ties.
Ahmadinejad’s regime has clashed with the Americans over U.S. support for Israel, its wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, and its position over Iran’s nuclear program. The U.S. and the West have accused Iran of seeking to build nuclear weapons, and have pushed for a series of sanctions aimed at curbing these atomic aspirations. The U.S. has also declined to rule out a strike on Iran to stop it from building a nuclear bomb. The U.S. also views Iran as meddling in Middle Eastern peace bids, encouraging Syria to resist American overtures and supporting Palestinian Islamic militant group Hamas and Lebanese-based Shi'ite organization Hezbollah.
The United States announced reinstatement of sanctions earlier this month as the Trump administration tries to force Iran to curb its nuclear program as well as its support for proxy forces in Yemen, Syria and Lebanon
U.S. may be trying to force Tehran into reopening the nuclear deal, or affect regime change. Either way, the pressure is leading Iran to make grave mistakes in Europe
Moscow said in October it had delivered the S-300 surface-to-air missiles to Syria, after accusing Israel of indirectly causing the downing of a Russian military jet by Syrian air defences
Sanction exemption waivers granted to Iran’s biggest oil clients, including China and Turkey, will allow them to import at least some oil for another 180 days
Israeli Defense Chief Thanks Trump for Reimposing Sanctions on Iran; Rohani Warns of 'War Situation'
Avigdor Lieberman says move will deal 'critical blow to Iran's entrenchment' in region ■ Iranian president vows to keep selling oil and break sanctions
Thousands of Iranians Mark Anniversary of U.S. Embassy Takeover in Tehran as Trump Restores Sanctions
Crowds chant 'Down with U.S.' and 'Death to Israel' during Tehran rally ■ State TV says similar demonstrations were held in other cities and towns
IranAir is looking to buy planes from any company not requiring U.S. sales permits; most modern commercial planes have more than 10 percent of U.S. parts, the threshold at which U.S. Treasury approval is necessary
The United Arab Emirates also spoke out in favor of the move, stating that 'Tehran's aggressive policies' are to blame ■ Sanctions to be reimposed Monday
Trump Reimposes All Iran Sanctions Lifted Under Nuclear Deal: 'Maximum Pressure Means Maximum Pressure'
The sanctions will take effect Monday and cover Tehran’s shipping, financial and energy sectors ■ State Secretary Pompeo says sanctions are 'aimed at fundamentally altering the behavior of the Islamic Republic of Iran'