Zarif lists eight diplomatic initiatives by Iran since 1985, including a regional non-aggression pact for the Gulf region proposed earlier this year
Iran - U.S.
The history and relations between Iran and the United States are complex and multi-faceted, with today’s ideological and political conflicts having their roots in actions during the 1950s and U.S. involvement in Iranian affairs.
Until the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran, Tehran-Washington ties were of great strategic importance to both nations. Iran, led by the pro-American Shah, was a close ally in a much troubled and hostile region. The Shah resumed power after a 1953 coup sponsored the CIA and other international agencies, which led to the overthrow of democratically elected prime minister Muhammad Mossadeq.
Bilateral ties flourished throughout the Shah’s subsequent reign, but as tensions grew in the run-up to the 1979 revolution, the U.S. was seen as partially responsible within Iran for the Shah's oppressive regime. Relations reached breaking point in November 1979 when the Shah, by then in exile after the revolution, was allowed into the United States for medical treatment. Angry Iranian students stormed the American Embassy in Tehran, taking more than 60 people inside hostage. The bulk of the captives were only released in January 1981.
Hostility between the two countries seemed to solidify in the 1980s, with the revelation that U.S. was supplying Iraq with advanced weaponry during Iran’s eight year bloody war with Iraq. Furthermore, an Iranian passenger plane was shot down in 1988 by a U.S. Naval vessel inside Iranian waters, killing all 290 people onboard.
Iran-U.S. relations slightly improved in the mid-90s with the election of Iranian President Mohammed Khatami. The U.S. welcomed Khatami’s calls for dialogue and his reformist stance on bilateral ties. This was a short-lived rapprochement, and the election of hardliner Mahmoud Ahmadinejad as president sparked a new deterioration in Iran-U.S. ties.
Ahmadinejad’s regime has clashed with the Americans over U.S. support for Israel, its wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, and its position over Iran’s nuclear program. The U.S. and the West have accused Iran of seeking to build nuclear weapons, and have pushed for a series of sanctions aimed at curbing these atomic aspirations. The U.S. has also declined to rule out a strike on Iran to stop it from building a nuclear bomb. The U.S. also views Iran as meddling in Middle Eastern peace bids, encouraging Syria to resist American overtures and supporting Palestinian Islamic militant group Hamas and Lebanese-based Shi'ite organization Hezbollah.
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Trump says he ordered substantial increase of Iran sanctions after attack
Trump sees Robert C. O’Brien as a 'deal maker,' a more private alternative to hawkish, media-hungry John Bolton
Saudi government presented evidence of Iran's involvement in the attack on Wednesday
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Democratic Senator Chris Coons says, 'This may well be the thing that calls for military action against Iran'
Iran's state-run news agency is reporting that Iran sent an official warning through Swiss diplomats to the U.S. that any action taken against Tehran 'will face an immediate answer'
Three officials, speaking to Reuters on condition of anonymity, said the attack involved both cruise missiles and drones
On Sunday, Trump flatly contradicted top aides who had characterized his thinking on Iran last week, before a weekend attack on major oil sites in Saudi Arabia
U.S. Vice President Mike Pence said that the United States is reviewing evidence that suggests Iran was behind the attacks
The Saudi government reiterated its accusation that Iranian weapons were used in the attack, without elaborating further
'But there is also a long list of other burdens coming from Iran like the ballistic missiles program and its engagement in Syria,' added the German chancellor
Iran has rejected U.S. charges it was behind the strikes on Saudi Arabia Saturday that damaged the world's biggest crude-processing plant
If America changes its behavior and returns to 2015 nuclear deal, then it can join multilateral talks between Iran and other parties, says supreme leader
It looks like Tehran is raising the stakes, but so far the Americans have not given any sign that the latest attack will lead to a policy change on their part
Senate majority leader 'hopes our international partners will join us in imposing consequences on Iran for this reckless, destabilizing attack'
Trump on Sunday said the U.S. is 'locked and loaded' to respond to the attack on Saudi oil infrastructure, was waiting to consult with the Saudis as to who they believe was behind the attack
Earlier on Monday, Iran said there would be no meeting between Iranian President Hassan Rouhani and his U.S. counterpart Donald Trump at the United Nations
Pompeo told Iraqi PM U.S. information affirms Saudi not attacked from Iraq
Announcement comes a day after Trump said the U.S. is 'locked and loaded' for a potential response to the attack on Saudi Arabia's oil facilities, after a senior official in his administration said Iran was to blame
Erdogan warns against any attack on Turkish posts as fears abound that further fighting could deepen humanitarian crisis
Kellyanne Conway did not rule out a possible meeting between President Donald Trump and Iran's leader on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly in New York
Head of Iran's Revolutionary Guards Corps Aerospace Force says Tehran has always been ready for 'a full-fledged war'
Steve Mnuchin denies report alleging that Trump was considering Emmanuel Macron's $15 billion 'credit line' plan to save the 2015 nuclear agreement
U.S.-led coalition air strikes killed many civilians, while Syrian and Russian warplanes even appeared to target hospitals
Changing alliances make negotiations with Iran pressing for the Trump administration, and Israel is becoming less and less of a consideration
Hoping to secure a meeting with Rohani, Trump discussed lessening the pressure on Iran and was supported by Mnuchin but countered by Bolton, according to a Bloomberg report
Netanyahu, who like Trump opposes Iran's nuclear deal with major powers, said on Monday that Iran had been developing nuclear weapons at a different site that Tehran has since destroyed