The Green Line refers to the 1949 armistice lines established between Israel and its Arab neighbors in the aftermath of the 1948 War of Independence. The war led to sovereignty of the fledgling Jewish state over 78.5% of historic Palestine, now commonly referred to as Israel inside the Green Line. Beyond the Green Line lay the Jordanian-controlled West Bank and the Egyptian-ruled Gaza Strip.
The Green Line effectively divided the holy city of Jerusalem in half, with the Israel-Jordan border running through the middle of the city, with the Old City and its holy sites on the Jordanian side.
The 1967 Six-Day War changed the geopolitical landscape and resulted in territories beyond the Green Line falling under Israeli authority. Internationally, these areas are not recognized as part of Israel, although shortly after the war Israel annexed East Jerusalem and in 1980 did the same to the Golan Heights, previously part of Syria.
Since the 1967, successive Israeli governments have built settlements beyond the Green Line, on lands that the Palestinians claim as theirs, but Israel’s control over the Palestinian territories is still unrecognized according to international law.
The 1993 Oslo Accords stipulated that steps be taken toward attaining Palestinian self-rule in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. As agreed upon in talks, the Israel Defense Forces evacuated its posts in most Palestinians cities, and Israel agreed to a negotiated peace deal roughly based on the Green Line, or pre-1967 lines.
In the years since the Oslo Accords, the Palestinian Authority has sought to establish an independent Palestinian state along the Green Line, with East Jerusalem as its capital. The ultimately unsuccessful Camp David summit between late Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat and then Israeli prime minister Ehud Barak in July 2000 focused on a solution that would see areas beyond the Green Line handed over to the Palestinians.
Most recently, a 2002 Arab initiative proposed that in return for a complete Israeli withdrawal to the Green Line, all Arab states would recognize and establish normalized relations with Israel.
Similar initiatives - such as George W. Bush's "Road Map" and Bill Clinton's "Parameters" - have also assumed an Israeli withdrawal to the Green Line, with some territorial exchanges allowing for the major settlement blocs to remain in Israeli hands.
If not for Palestinian self-ruled enclaves, Israelis and Palestinians would have had endless points of encounter and potential for friction, over everything from eggplants to masks
A new lockdown has shuttered West Bank day care once again and I've taken to going on walks in nature with my kids. Who cares if they don't pick up their toys? At least they're healthy ■ Post #17
After the report that Mahmoud Darwish had a daughter out of wedlock, legions of men came out to defend the honor of the national poet, demonstrating to what extent the Palestinian narrative, molded by Darwish, is masculine
West Bankers are being issued more and more demolition orders for building on land that Israel designated as an archaeological site. Is it connected to a new organization that’s taken it upon itself to monitor such areas?
Settler leaders welcome the move, which has been in planning for years and would create urban continuity over the Green Line, while environmental activists warn of untold consequences
The Israeli government has raised the theft of property ‘abandoned’ by Palestinians to an art form
New regulations impose a quota on the number of times a year Palestinian farmers may enter their fields between the separation barrier and the Green Line
The cemetery of Mevasseret Zion will be constructed between the Green Line and the separation barrier and will have a three meter high fence, surveillance cameras and armed guards at every burial
Yamina's housing program purports to be about solving the affordability problem, but it’s nothing more than a way of luring people over the Green Line. Thankfully, it’s a non-starter
A recent lawsuit over fees collected on land development points to the contradictions and self-interest behind the movement for quasi-sovereignty
Civil Administration approves two roads leading to isolated settlements, in a move activists say is 'part of the government's ongoing surrendering to settlers' demands'
In addition, the Civil Administration is expected to advance approval for some 3,500 more housing units in Jewish settlements
Mellanox employs 130 Palestinians, which not only provides badly needed jobs but fosters a dialogue of equals between the two sides
PGGM had divested from all five leading Israeli banks over 'ethical concerns' pertaining to their presence or actions in the West Bank
Fahima and Jihad Hirsheh, like many of their neighbors, are fighting for their right to cultivate their land on the other side of the West Bank separation barrier. As a consolation, they grow vegetables on their roof
Contradicting Arab League, Bahrain Defends Australia's Recognition of West Jerusalem as Israeli Capital
Sheikh Khalid bin Ahmed al-Khalifa says Australia's stance 'does not impact the legitimate Palestinian demands, does not contradict the Arab Peace Initiative'
Ahmed Abul Gheit calls on Australian government to 'correct its position and recognize the State of Palestine and its capital as East Jerusalem without delay'
This should have been our moment to stand our ground: Reject conflating Israel with West Bank settlements, reject slurring Airbnb as anti-Semitic. Sadly, mainstream U.S. Jewish groups gave in to the right wing's dangerous campaign – and did so in our name
In the original plan for the expansion of Mevasseret Zion, some 40 percent of the land intended for the neighborhood was technically in the West Bank
Some of Ramat Shlomo homes will be built on privately owned Palestinian land ■ Palestinian Foreign Ministry slams move, which it says proves Trump's administration's bias in favor of settlement enterprise
Education Minister Bennett has endangered Israel's academic world by deciding to put it to a test of loyalty as a condition for receiving funding
Israel Public Broadcasting Corporation won the bidding process to broadcast World Cup preliminary games. But under pressure from a Qatari broadcasting company, UEFA is barring the airing of the games beyond the Green Line
Military prosecution files indictment against Palestinian driver for causing death by negligence, abandoning the scene of an accident
The Palestinian land owners noticed work on their land in 2015 and petitioned the High Court. In July, the state admitted it had instructed the lands taken out of the West Bank settlement construction plan
Have no illusions. The abundance that is showered on the settlements is only made possible by cutting funding in Israel
Attacks on Palestinians, accompanied by a feeling of superiority and mission on behalf of the Blessed Holy One, is a winning formula for settlers
'The Soldiers Just Stood There, Helpless:' Left-wing Activists Attacked by Settlers in West Bank Speak Out
'The craziest part was that there were four soldiers there with weapons, unable to protect Israeli citizens' ■ Activists attacked tell Haaretz the story of the roughest settler attack they've endured