Balfour Declaration

Balfour Declaration as published in The Times, 9 November 1917.

The Balfour Declaration, which is turning 100 this year, was a statement published by the British government on November 9, 1917, during World War I. The statement was contained in a letter dated November 2, 1917, from the United Kingdom's Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour to Lord Walter Rothschild and announced support for a "national home for the Jewish people" in the Holy Land. At the time, the territory was part of the Ottoman Empire and had a small Jewish population.

Arthur James Balfour was the prime minister of the United Kingdom from July 1902 to December 1905, and later became the foreign secretary.

The declaration read: "His Majesty's government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country."