The Knesset voted down an extension to the amendment on the Citizenship Law on Tuesday morning after an all-night session, despite a compromise on the controversial legislation reached by the governing coalition. Fifty-nine lawmakers voted in favor and fifty-nine against, while two members of the United Arab List abstained. 

In response, Prime Minister Naftali Bennett accused the opposition of deliberately harming state security out of "bitterness and frustration."

"Anyone who voted against the citizenship law, from Bibi to Tibi and Chikli, chose petty politics over the good of Israel's citizens, and they will have to account for it for a long time," Bennett said, and promised to provide a new solution to the issue. 

Minutes before the vote, it was announced that Prime Minister Naftali Bennett had declared that the vote was also a vote of confidence in the government. As there were some abstentions and not a majority of votes against the legislation, the coalition survived the vote, however, despite the legislation's failure. Coalition member Amichai Chikli of Yamina voted against the legislation, while the United Arab List's Mansour Abbas and Walid Taha voted in favor of it. 

The citizenship law prevents Palestinians living in the West Bank or Gaza who marry Israeli citizens from living permanently in Israel with their spouses and denies them a path to citizenship. The temporary amendment to the law has been renewed annually since 2003.

During the debate on the law's extension, Interior Minister Ayelet Shaked took to the podium and announced that a compromise had been approved by the cabinet. Her announcement prompted a new round of debate by lawmakers that stretched throughout the night. 

Following the vote, Shaked tweeted that the sight of members of Likud and Religious Zionism cheering alongside members of the Joint List was "madness" and that the legislation's failure was a "great victory for post-Zionism."  

“The reckless conduct of Likud and Smotrich caused the collapse of the citizenship law and will lead to 15,000 citizenship applications,” Shaked said, adding that "not even a comma" had changed from the original version of the law, in response to the claims otherwise by the opposition.

Had the Knesset approved the extension according to the compromise, it would have been extended by six months (rather than a year) and several hundred Palestinians married to Israelis and who have been living in Israel for a considerable time would have been offered non-citizen residency status. Shaked said A5 visas, which grant residency rights, would be offered to 1,600 Palestinians, explaining that this was the number approved by her predecessor, Arye Dery. 

The United Arab List rejected the compromise earlier, and Shaked subsequently held talks with its chairman, Abbas, on the matter, as at least one vote in favor of the legislation was needed from his party. Abbas and his colleague Walid Taha, however, ended up voting in favor of the amendment once Bennett defined it as a confidence vote in the government. 

The United Arab List chairman said that the "compromise proposal was supposed to benefit thousands of families."

"Now, everything is in the hands of the Interior Minister and Defense Minister," he said, calling on them to "make decisions and provide a solution."

In a later interview with Kan Bet public radio, Abbas said that they would vote "as one" on a state budget, which will guarantee a "five-year plan to address problems relating to crime and violence."

Likud congratulated the result of the vote, saying that the proposed amendment to the law, a "corrupt deal sewn together in the dark of night between Bennett, Lapid and Shaked and UAL and Meretz," was "crushed thanks to the determined effort ran by the opposition led by Netanyahu."

Yamina lawmaker Amichai Chikli, who voted against the amendment, called for a “functioning Zionist government.”  

“Tonight we have received proof of the problematic nature of a government without a clear national majority. A government that starts the night with a one-year extension to a law and ends it with a six-month extension, which starts with 1,500 permits and ends with over 3,000," he stated.

According to earlier reports on the details of the compromise, a committee would be established to examine how to lift bureaucratic hurdles for the remaining families who will not be granted residency rights. This would cover National Insurance status, driver's license applications, exiting the country, and more. The committee would begin its work immediately in order to ensure that sufficient progress for an accepted compromise is reached by the time the extension expires in six months.

Ahead of the vote, Joint List MK Ahmed Tibi admonished his former partner Abbas, and called on him to reject the deal: "Any Arab who agrees to pass the law is actually spitting in the faces of families and children and his compatriots," adding that consenting to the bill would amount to a "stab in the back."