The Security Council will hold an emergency meeting Friday at the request of Western countries trying to press Syria's warring parties to lift sieges on towns where hundreds of thousands have been cut off from aid and many are starving.
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U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon also stepped up the pressure, calling Thursday for both the Syrian government and rebels to end the sieges before peace talks scheduled for January 25 in Geneva as a confidence-building measure.
Ban said the United Nations and its humanitarian partners are able to deliver food to only one percent of the 400,000 people under siege in Syria, down from an already dismal five percent just over a year ago.
"This is utterly unconscionable," Ban said at a news conference.
Ban said both the Syrian government and rebels are committing war crimes by deliberately starving civilians and must face justice.
"U.N. teams have witnessed scenes that haunt the soul. The elderly and children, men and women, who were little more than skin and bones: gaunt, severely malnourished, so weak they could barely walk, and utterly desperate for the slightest morsel," Ban said. "I would say that they are being held hostage — but it is even worse. Hostages get fed."
France's U.N. mission said the meeting will take place Friday afternoon. France, Britain and the United States called for the meeting, according to all three missions.
Trucks from the U.N. and other humanitarian organizations entered three besieged communities in Syria this week for the first time in months.
The town of Madaya has been under siege for months by forces loyal to Syrian President Bashar Assad. The two other towns, Foua and Kfarya, have been besieged by Syrian rebels.
Earlier this week, Syria's U.N. ambassador, Bashar Ja'afari, dismissed the reports of starvation in Madaya as lies.