Turkish Court Resumes Closed-door Trial of Journalists Facing Life Sentence

The editor-in-chief and Ankara bureau head from the opposition paper Cumhuriyet are accused of espionage and aiding a terrorist organization.

Turkish opposition Cumhuriyet daily's editor-in-chief Can Dundar and Ankara bureau chief Erdem Gul (3R) leave the Istanbul courthouse on the second day of their trial, April 1, 2016

The closed-door trial of two Turkish journalists accused of espionage and aiding a terrorist organization resumed Friday in a case that has heightened concerns over press freedoms in Turkey.

Cumhuriyet newspaper's chief editor Can Dundar and Ankara bureau chief Erdem Gul face life imprisonment if found guilty of revealing state secrets in their report on alleged government arms-smuggling to Syrian rebels.

They published images that reportedly date back to January 2014, when local authorities searched Syria-bound trucks, leading to a standoff with Turkish intelligence officials. Cumhuriyet said the images proved Turkey was smuggling arms to Islamist rebels.

The pair have been accused of aiding the moderate Islamic movement led by U.S.-based cleric Fethullah Gulen, a foe of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

The government says the reports are part of a conspiracy to bring it down.

Human rights groups insist the two have done nothing but their job by covering an issue of public interest and say the charges should be dropped.

The case is considered a key test of press freedom in the country, which has witnessed a growing crackdown on independent and opposition media over the past few years.

"The ones who should be on trial are not us," Dundar said before the start of the second hearing.

Dozens of supporters at the Istanbul courthouse where the two are on trial chanted: "Free press cannot be silenced." Others came with their mouths taped over in an act of protest.

The trial has also drawn the attention of Western diplomats, with Germany putting in a request for one of its diplomats to attend the hearings.

"This interest can be explained by the great importance that the German government accords to an independent judiciary and a free press," Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Sawsan Chebli told The Associated Press. "That's why we expressed a desire to the Turkish side that a representative of the (German) consulate in Istanbul can observe the trial."

The journalists were arrested in November after Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan filed a personal complaint against the two.

In February, Turkey's Constitutional Court ruled that their rights were violated and they were released from jail. Erdogan said he rejected the court's decision and has also admonished diplomats who showed up at the first hearing.

The Turkish president is facing increased criticism for his government's crackdown on free speech at home. Speaking at the Brookings Institution in Washington, D.C., on Thursday, Erdogan said no journalist is in prison or on trial in his country because of their journalism and that he welcomes criticism. Turkish security officials, however, got into a tussle with several journalists who came to cover the speech.