Syria's Border Crossings With Israel, Jordan Reopen for First Time in Three Years

'It is a day of victory,' Youssef Jarbou, a Druze leader, tells the Syrian Al-Ikhbariya TV from Quneitra ■ The openings promise to restore trade and movement between Syria, Jordan that halted because of the war

This handout picture released by SANA on October 15, 2018, shows the Israel-Syria border Quneitra crossing in the annexed-Golan Heights on the day of its reopening.
AFP

The Quneitra crossing in the Golan Heights and Syria's Naseeb crossing with Jordan reopened Monday, signaling the completion of logistical and security preparations at Syria's key border crossings.  

The crossings opened for the first time in three years, promising to restore trade and movement that had been halted because of the Syrian civil war.

An Israeli military official said the opening of a crossing in the Golan "re-empowers" the United Nations after it was driven out of the area by Syrian rebels.

Speaking at a UN ceremony marking the reopening, Maj. Nehemia Berki said the reopening "symbolizes the reinforcement of the 1974 disengagement agreements between the two sides and re-empowers the UN ability to enforce the accords." Berki acts as the liaison between the Israeli army and the United Nations.

Another crossing in the Golan also reopened for UN observers who had left the area four years ago because of fighting there.

The Jaber border crossing between Jordan and Syria (Naseeb crossing on the Syrian side) on the day of its reopening, October, 15, 2018.
AFP

To really understand Israel and the Middle East - subscribe to Haaretz

The reopening of the crossings is a major boost to the Syrian government of President Bashar Assad, restoring a commercial lifeline to the outside world. It also reinforces the Syrian government's message that it is slowly emerging victorious from the seven-year conflict. The Syrian flag was raised at the Quneitra crossing.  

UN observers and local notables from the Druze community, the predominant population in the area, gathered near the crossing. The UN observers had left the Quneitra crossing in 2014 for the first time since deploying there in 1974 to monitor a cease-fire and a demilitarized zone. Israel occupied the Golan Heights in 1967.

"It is a day of victory," Youssef Jarbou, a Druze leader, told the Syrian Al-Ikhbariya TV from Quneitra.

Syrian forces recaptured the Quneitra area in July. Russian military police deployed in the area, including on the edge of the Israeli part of the Golan Heights, setting up checkpoints in the area. Moscow said it planned to work closely with the UN force.

Meanwhile, at the Naseeb crossing between Syria and Jordan, dozens of  cars lined up to cross from Jordan. Security personnel and dogs searched the vehicles.

"Today is a feast, a feast for the whole Arab and Islamic nation and for the whole world; this crossing is vital for all the Arab countries," said Mohammed Khalil, the first Syrian in line waiting to cross back into his country.

Naseeb's reopening would bring major financial relief to Assad's government by restoring a much-needed gateway for Syrian exports to Arab countries. The resumption of commercial trade through the crossing will also be a diplomatic victory for Assad, whose government has been isolated from its Arab neighbors since the civil war began in 2011.

Arab countries have boycotted the Syrian government since the early days of the war, freezing its membership in the 22-member state Arab League.

"The Naseeb crossing is a vital lifeline for trade between the two brotherly countries Jordan and Syria through them to other Arab countries," said a Jordanian government spokeswoman, Jumana Ghunaimat.

Syrian rebels seized the crossing in 2015, disrupting a major trade route between Syria and Jordan, Lebanon and oil-rich Gulf countries.

Syrian government troops recaptured it in July, after rebels reached an agreement with Russian mediators to end the violence in the southern province of Daraa and surrender the crossing.

The crossing is also vital for Syria's neighbor Lebanon, providing its agricultural products a route to foreign markets.

The recapture of Naseeb marked a major victory for Assad's forces, which have been on a winning streak since 2015 when Russia threw its military weight behind Damascus. The victory in southern Syria signaled the return of his forces to Daraa province where the uprising against him began seven years ago.