Jordan's Abdullah Affirms Support for Palestinian Capital in East Jerusalem

'We do believe in a two-state solution, with (East) Jerusalem as a capital for the Palestinians,' says Abdullah

German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier meets with Jordan's King Abdullah II at the Royal Palace in Amman, Jordan, January 28, 2018.
Reuters/Muhammad Hamed

Jordan's King Abdullah II affirmed his support Sunday for establishing a Palestinian capital in East Jerusalem, highlighting his differences with the Trump administration on a central issue in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

King Abdullah spoke at the start of a meeting with German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier, who also expressed concern about U.S. President Donald Trump's recognition last month of contested Jerusalem as Israel's capital.

"I think there are very good reasons to question the theory that unilateral recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel would contribute to the consolidation of peace in the Middle East," Steinmeier was quoted as telling the Jordanian daily Al-Ghad in an interview published Sunday.

One of the pillars of Germany's position on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict "is the need to preserve the status of holy sites and to negotiate the final status of Jerusalem within the framework of the two-state solution," Steinmeier, a former foreign minister, told Al-Ghad.

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Jordan's monarch serves as custodian of a major Muslim shrine in Israeli-annexed East Jerusalem and the kingdom's Hashemite dynasty derives much of its political legitimacy from its special role in Jerusalem. Jordan is also home to a large Palestinian population.

"I think our views on Palestine and Jerusalem are well known to you," the king told the German president Sunday. "We do believe in a two-state solution, with (East) Jerusalem as a capital for the Palestinians."

At the same time, Jordan is a staunch U.S. ally and a major recipient of U.S. economic and military aid.

Abdullah has stopped short of siding with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas who said after Trump's dramatic policy shift on Jerusalem that Washington can no longer serve as the sole mediator between Israelis and Palestinians.

>> Trump says Jerusalem 'off the table,' threatens to pull aid to Palestinians if they don't pursue peace >> Palestinians respond to Trump: If Jerusalem off table, then U.S. no longer has seat at the table <<

The king received U.S. Vice President Mike Pence last week, and has said the U.S. remains an indispensable broker.

Trump raised new concerns last week when he said at the World Economic Forum in Switzerland that he had taken Jerusalem "off the table."

U.S. officials have stressed repeatedly that the Jerusalem recognition has no impact on negotiations over the borders or sovereignty of the Holy City.
Trump also told Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu at the global summit that Israel had "won" on the matter but would have to make concessions to the Palestinians in any eventual talks.

Steinmeier is on a four-day visit to Jordan and Lebanon.

On Monday, he is scheduled to visit the Azraq camp for Syrian refugees in northern Jordan and a nearby air base by the same name where some 300 German troops are stationed as part of the U.S.-led international military campaign against Islamic State group extremists in Jordan.

Germany, which has absorbed hundreds of thousands of Syrian war refugees, has stepped up efforts in recent years to help improve conditions for refugees in regional host countries.

About 660,000 registered Syrian refugees live in Jordan, though Jordanian authorities say the actual number is double that.

Germany has given 595 million euros ($740 million) in bilateral humanitarian and development aid to Jordan in 2017, up from 470 million euros ($584 million) in 2016, embassy officials said.