Lebanon's U.S.-backed army on Saturday launched its biggest military operation yet against Islamic State militants who in 2014 gained a foothold along the tiny Mediterranean country's border with Syria.
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The long-awaited campaign aims to defeat ISIS in the group's border enclave and put an end to a terror threat that has loomed over Lebanon.
By the late afternoon on Saturday, the army said it captured 30 square kilometers (12 square miles) and killed 20 ISIS militants. It said 10 Lebanese soldiers were wounded.
Simultaneously, the Syrian army and its ally, the Lebanese group Hezbollah, are pushing to clear ISIS militants from the Syrian side of the border, in the western Qalamoun mountain range. Hezbollah has been fighting alongside President Bashar Assad's forces in Syria since 2013.
Lebanon denies it is coordinating its offensive with the Syrian government. Lebanese President Michel Aoun called field commanders from the Defense Ministry where he was monitoring operations early to tell them, "You will not disappoint us," and "Our hearts and minds are with you," according to video broadcast on TV channels across the country.
Operations commenced before dawn, with the military striking ISIS positions in the eastern border areas with Syria, Brig. Gen. Ali Qanso said at the Defense Ministry, warning of a difficult battle ahead.
The barren hills in eastern Lebanon will leave infantry exposed to ISIS snipers, and the militants are expected to mine the area on a vast scale.
According to Central Military Media, a media outlet run jointly by Hezbollah and the Syrian army, a group of ISIS militants, including a self-styled "emir" or local commander, surrendered to the advancing Hezbollah and Syrian forces by midday in the Qalamoun region in Syria.
Qanso insisted that the Lebanese army was not coordinating its moves with Assad's forces or the Hezbollah fighters — a potential embarrassment for Washington, should its ally, the Lebanese military, be working closely with a group that the United States has classifies as a terror organization.
The U.S. is a key patron of the Lebanese army, and top Pentagon officials visited Lebanon in the run-up to the operation.
However, Hezbollah ministers hold key portfolios in the Lebanese government, and the country is now accustomed to seeing the militant group run operations in parallel with the army.
The presence of militants in the Lebanese border area has exposed towns and villages there to shelling and kidnappings for ransom. Car bombs are made in the area and sent to other parts of the country, including the Lebanese capital, Beirut, killing scores of people.
The army has in the past year slowly clawed back border territory, including strategic hills retaken in the past week.
Lebanon has been spared the wars and chaos that engulfed several countries in the region since the so-called Arab Spring uprisings of 2011. But it has seen sectarian infighting and random car bombings, particularly in 2014, when militants linked to al-Qaida and ISIS overran the border region, kidnapping Lebanese soldiers.
Qanso said the army had no new information about the whereabouts of the soldiers kidnapped by ISIS militants.
Lebanese politicians say ISIS controls an area of about 300 square kilometers (115 square miles) between Syria and Lebanon, around half of which is in Lebanon.
About 600 jihadis, including snipers, are holed up in the Lebanese portion of the enclave, according to Qanso, armed with guided rockets, anti-armor rockets, mortars, and other weaponry.
The area stretches from the Lebanese town of Arsal, and Christian villages of Ras Baalbek and Qaa, to the outskirts of Syria's Qalamoun region and parts of the western Syrian town of Qusair, which Hezbollah captured in 2013.