Iran Foreign Minister Reported to Make Nuclear Offer; U.S. Skeptical

Iran offered more intrusive nuclear inspections in return for the United States abandoning sanctions, but U.S. official says Iran seeking sanctions relief while giving little in return

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Mohammad Javad Zarif, the foreign minister of Iran, arrives for a meeting with UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres at United Nations headquarters in New York, July 18, 2019.
Mohammad Javad Zarif, the foreign minister of Iran, arrives for a meeting with UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres at United Nations headquarters in New York, July 18, 2019.Credit: AFP

Iran on Thursday offered to ratify a document prescribing more intrusive inspections of its nuclear program if the United States abandoned its economic sanctions, the Guardian newspaper reported on Thursday, in a proposal that drew U.S. skepticism. 

Iran's offer, laid out by its foreign minister to reporters in New York, was to immediately ratify the Additional Protocol, which gives U.N. inspectors more tools to verify that its nuclear program is peaceful. 

While U.S. officials suggested they viewed the idea as a non-starter, it could provide an opening for U.S. President Donald Trump's administration to pursue diplomacy. 

"If Trump wants more for more, we can ratify the Additional Protocol and he can lift the sanctions he set," the Guardian newspaper and other media quoted Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif as telling reporters. 

However, since Iran is already implementing the protocol and has often offered in the past to ratify it, it is not clear that Zarif's proposal constituted much of a concession. 

Under the nuclear deal agreed to by Tehran, Iran must seek ratification of the Additional Protocol eight years after the deal was adopted. That would be the same time that the United States was obliged to seek permanent termination of many of its sanctions on Iran

U.S. officials responded skeptically, suggesting it was a disingenuous effort to get sanctions relief. 

"Their whole game is to try to get any sanctions relief they can while maintaining the ability to get a nuclear weapon in the future," said an official on condition of anonymity, saying Iran was "trying to spin a small action into" something bigger. 

The official noted that under the offer, Iran would keep enriching uranium, a process that can produce fissile material for nuclear weapons, and would do nothing to rein in its support for regional proxies in Yemen, Iraq, Syria and Lebanon. 

A second U.S. official was also dismissive. 

"If Iran wants to make a serious gesture, it should start by ending uranium enrichment immediately and having an actual decision maker attempt to negotiate a deal that includes a permanent end to Iran's malign nuclear ambitions, including its development of nuclear-capable missiles," said the official. 

Path for diplomacy?

Former U.S. officials saw a diplomatic opening. 

"If the foreign minister has suggested that the Majlis (the Iranian parliament) would ratify the additional protocol now, that is a serious step," said Wendy Sherman, a former Obama administration official who negotiated the 2015 nuclear deal. 

"Of course, Iran will want something serious in return. Nonetheless, a creative opening," she added. 

Richard Nephew, a former U.S. official now at Columbia University, said Zarif must have known the United States would reject his idea out of hand. But he said it was also a signal that Iran wants a diplomatic solution and it suggested that Iran has no intention of throwing out U.N. nuclear inspectors. 

"The administration ought to use this as an opportunity to talk seriously internally about what it wants and to test the Iranian position, but I doubt that they will," he said. 

U.S.-Iranian tensions have increased since Trump's decision last year to abandon the nuclear deal that Iran struck with six major powers in 2015 under which it agreed to rein in its atomic program in return for broad relief from economic sanctions. 

Relations have deteriorated since May, when Trump tightened U.S. sanctions on Iran to try to choke off its oil exports, the main source of foreign exchange and government revenues for the Islamic Republic. 

Washington is trying to force Tehran to agree to stricter limits on its nuclear capacity, curb its ballistic missile program and end support for proxy forces in a regional power struggle with U.S.-backed Gulf Arab states. 

Fears of direct U.S.-Iranian conflict have risen since May with several attacks on oil tankers in the Gulf, Iran's downing of a U.S. surveillance drone and a plan for U.S. air strikes on Iran last month that Trump called off at the last minute. 

Trump on Thursday said a U.S. Navy ship had "destroyed" an Iranian drone in the Strait of Hormuz after the aircraft threatened the ship. But Zarif told reporters at the United Nations he was not aware of any Iranian drone being downed.