750 Syrians Leave Last Rebel-held Area of Homs After Local Ceasefire

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Syrians on a bus wave to the camera as hundreds of civilians and Syrian rebel forces began evacuating the last opposition-held district under a deal with the Syrian regime, Homs, Syria, December 9, 2015.
Syrians on a bus wave to the camera as hundreds of civilians and Syrian rebel forces began evacuating the last opposition-held district under a deal with the Syrian regime, Homs, Syria, December 9, 20Credit: AFP

REUTERS - Buses carrying Syrian rebel fighters and their families safely reached the northwestern city of Idlib overnight after withdrawing from Homs under a local ceasefire agreement that will shore up government control over the city, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said on Thursday.

The UN presided over the deal, which the mayor of Homs said involved 300 fighters and 400 members of their families leaving Waer, the last rebel-held area of the city that has been a center of the uprising against Syrian President Bashar Assad.

The Observatory said about 750 people had left, including fighters from the Al-Qaida-linked Nusra Front.

Four buses arrived in Idlib overnight out of a total of around 15 that left Homs, with others still on their way, Observatory director Rami Abdulrahman said.

The deal follows a major Syrian army ground offensive to the north of the city backed by Russian air strikes and echoes a local ceasefire agreed in September elsewhere in Syria under which rebel fighters were supposed to be transferred to Idlib, though it has yet to be fully implemented.

Several buses left the Homs district of Waer early on Wednesday and others were queuing up to leave on its outskirts, witnesses said. Children on buses waiting to leave peaked around the drawn curtains and aid workers handed out juice.

Barazi said the buses would make a stop in Hama province, where rebels who wished to could disembark, before continuing to Idlib, a province that is a stronghold of insurgents including the Al-Qaida-linked Nusra Front.

Syrian rebel fighters are seen on a bus as hundreds of civilians and rebel forces began evacuating the last opposition-held district under a deal with the Syrian regime, Homs, Syria, December 9, 2015.Credit: AFP

He described the rebels who left as "militants who reject the agreement", saying they would leave with their families.

"The Waer neighborhood arrangements will be completely safe and there will be no weapons in Waer after the implementation of the agreement," he said, adding security forces would go back to work in the area and would be the only ones armed.

Peace talks

The UN is presiding over implementation of the deal, which was agreed directly between the Syrian sides.

Some diplomats say local ceasefires may be the most effective way of gradually bringing peace to a country where more than 250,000 people have been killed, though one concluded in Homs in 2014 was widely seen as a forced surrender.

Syria peace talks involving world powers in Vienna in October called for a nationwide ceasefire and a renewal of UN-brokered talks between the rival Syrian sides.

"Our clear goal is to reach as soon as possible a nationwide ceasefire. Meanwhile, initiatives like this one bring relief to besieged or isolated communities and have great value, " UN mediator Steffan De Mistura’s spokeswoman Jessy Chahine told Reuters.

"They help the perception that a nationwide ceasefire brokered by the members of the ISSG (International Syria Support Group) is doable and that the UN can and will do its part,” Chanine added, referring to the Vienna meeting countries.

Priority is being given to women, children and the severely wounded, Observatory head Rami Abdulrahman said. But the evacuation includes scores of fighters who reject the truce, he said, among them a small group from Nusra Front.

A previous truce in Homs in 2014 allowed insurgents to withdraw from the Old City while Waer and other areas remained in the hands of insurgents..

The Observatory said the Waer deal was better for the rebels than the 2014 agreement because some fighters will stay in the district and the deal will be implemented in stages.

Humanitarian aid reached the Waer district last week under the terms of the agreement.

The Syrian army and allied militia launched a major ground offensive north of Homs city after Russia, Assad's main ally, began carrying out air strikes in support of the Syrian military more than two months ago.

Obama said last month there may start to be ceasefires in parts of Syria, freeing opposition groups from Russian bombings.

The Homs deal follows the stalling of a separate plan aimed at halting fighting between rebels and government forces near Damascus.

In late September, Iran and Turkey, which back opposing sides in the Syrian conflict, helped bring about local ceasefires in the town of Zabadani near the Lebanese border and in two villages in the northwestern province of Idlib.

A diplomat tracking Syria said the Waer agreement was an improvement on previous local ceasefires because it was directly negotiated by Syrians, rather than involving outside states.

"Some people are talking about 40-50 local ceasefires waiting on the shelf to be discussed," the diplomat said.

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