Sudan's interim prime minister and a number of senior government officials were arrested Monday, the information ministry said, describing the actions as a military coup.
The internet in the country was largely cut off and military forces closed bridges, according to the ministry’s Facebook page. The country's main pro-democracy group and the largest political party urged people in separate appeals to take to the streets to counter the apparent military coup.
Monday's arrests come after weeks of rising tensions between Sudan’s civilian and military leaders. A failed coup attempt in September fractured the country along old lines, pitting more-conservative Islamists who want a military government against those who toppled former leader Omar al-Bashir in protests.
Two days after the attempted coup, Sudanese authorities announce that they have taken control of lucrative assets that for years provided backing for Hamas, shedding light on how the country served as a haven for the Palestinian militant group under former leader Omar al-Bashir.
Sudanese authorities announce the foiling of an attempted coup by plotters loyal to ousted president Omar al-Bashir. Following the failed takeover, military leaders demand reforms to the Forces of Freedom and Change (FFC) coalition and the replacement of the cabinet. Civilian leaders, in turn, accuse them of aiming for a power grab. Less than a month later, on October 16, thousands of demonstrators gather in front of the presidential palace in Khartoum, calling for the military to seize power.
In a telephone call with Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok, U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken discusses Sudan’s commitment to normalizing relations with Israel. The telephone conversation with the Sudanese leader comes several days after the Senate Foreign Relations Committee adopts the Israel Relations Normalization Act of 2021, which supports and seeks to expand the normalization pacts.
Civilian members of the interim Sudanese government express displeasure with the fact that Israeli officials were primarily dealing with their military counterparts, informing Jerusalem via members of the Biden administration that they were being cut out of the process, Axios reported.
According to Axios, “the Israeli government has communicated almost exclusively with the military” and that “there were strong reservations on the civilian side.”
Sudanese cabinet votes to repeal a 1958 law forbidding diplomatic and business relations with Israel while also reaffirming its “its support for the establishment of a Palestinian state."
Intelligence Minister Eli Cohen travels to Sudan as part of Jerusalem’s first official delegation headed by a cabinet level official.
Washington removes Sudan from its list of state sponsors of terrorism. The removal of the terror designation opens the door for the transitional government to get international loans and aid to service its more than $60 billion in foreign debt.
Khartoum threatens to stop moving forward with normalization should Congress fail to grant it immunity from future terrorism claims in court. Days later, Axios reports that Israeli officials are actively lobbying US lawmakers to approve the terrorism immunity bill, arguing that nixing the measure will not only set back normalization efforts with Sudan but with other Arab states as well.
Then-U.S. President Donald Trump announces that the U.S. would remove Sudan from its list of state sponsors of terrorism once Khartoum sets aside $335 million for payments for American victims.
London-based newspaper Al-Araby al-Jadid reports that then-Mossad chief Yossi Cohen spoke with General Mohammed Hamdan Dagalo, the deputy head of Sudan's Sovereignty Council, in a meeting brokered by the UAE. Sudan denies the report.
Former Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and the chief of Sudan's Sovereignty Council, Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, meet in Uganda and agree to start normalizing ties between the two nations.
A senior Sudanese military official says the meeting was orchestrated by the United Arab Emirates. The meeting —which occurred less than a year after President Omar al-Bashir, who ruled Sudan in autocratic style for three decades, was deposed— was condemned by the PLO, which called it “a stab in the back of the Palestinian nation.”