Supporters of deposed President Mohammed Morsi fought a gunbattle with security forces in a Cairo mosque on Saturday, while Egypt's army-backed government, facing deepening chaos, considered banning his Muslim Brotherhood group.
Three Reuters witnesses saw gunmen shoot from a window of the Fateh mosque in the capital's' Ramses Square, where Brotherhood followers sheltered during ferocious confrontations in the heart of Cairo on Friday. Security forces cleared the remaining pro-Morsi protesters from the mosque on Saturday, after a stand-off and exchange of fire, according to a security source, AFP reported.
Security forces stormed the Cairo mosque after firing tear gas at protesters, witnesses reported. When the mosque was cleared, supporters were seen dragged from the building by police.
A gunman was shown on television shooting from the mosque's minaret and soldiers outside returning fire. It was not clear if anyone died in the latest clash - the fourth day of violence in Egypt, which has killed almost 800 people.
Local journalist Shaimaa Awad told The Associated Press that security forces rounded up protesters inside the mosque and the sound of heavy gunfire could be heard in the background. Egypt's official news agency MENA reported that gunmen opened fire on security forces from the mosque's minaret. Local television stations broadcast live footage of soldiers firing assault rifles at the minaret.
The mosque served as a field hospital and morgue following clashes Friday in the area. The protesters barricaded themselves inside overnight out of fears of being beaten by vigilante mobs or being arrested by authorities.
With anger rising on all sides, Prime Minister Hazem el-Beblawi proposed disbanding the Brotherhood, raising the stakes in a bloody struggle between the state and Islamists for control of the Arab world's most populous nation.
"We are not facing political divisions, we are facing a war being waged by extremists developing daily into terrorism," presidential political adviser Mostafa Hegazy told reporters.
If Beblawi's proposal to disband the Brotherhood is acted on, it would force the group underground and could herald large-scale arrests against its members placed outside the law.
Mostafa Hegazy, adviser to Egypt's interim president said on later on Saturday that Egypt is facing "war by the forces of extremism" and will confront it with "security measures within the framework of law."
Many Western allies have denounced the killings, including the United States, alarmed by the chaos in a country which has a strategic peace treaty with Israel and operates the Suez Canal, a major artery of world trade.
Stand-off at the Cairo mosque
However, Saudi Arabia threw its weight behind the army-backed government on Friday, accusing its old foes in the Muslim Brotherhood of trying to destabilize Egypt.
The health ministry said 173 people died in clashes across Egypt on Friday, including 95 in central Cairo, after the Brotherhood called a "Day of Rage" to denounce a crackdown on its followers on Wednesday that killed at least 578 people.
The ministry said 1,330 people were wounded nationwide, with 596 hurt in the Cairo clashes. The Health Ministry announced it would no longer be publicizing official data on the number of casualties, according to an Israel Radio report, but it is not yet clear why.
Fifty-seven policemen died over the past three days, the interior ministry said.
Among those killed on Friday was a son of Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie, shot dead close to Fateh mosque, which was rapidly transformed into a makeshift morgue and a refuge for hundreds of Morsi's supporters, looking to escape the bloodshed.
The building was surrounded overnight and police fired volleys of tear gas into the carpeted prayer hall in the early afternoon, filling the hall with billowing white smoke and leaving those inside gasping for breath. Soon afterwards gunshots rang out from both sides.
Egyptian authorities said they had rounded up more than 1,000 Islamists after Friday's protests, showing one handcuffed man on television with an automatic gun on his lap.
Security sources said Mohamed Al-Zawahiri, the brother of Al-Qaida leader Ayman Al-Zawahiri, had also been detained.
"Friday was a very bad, ugly day. There were attacks on police stations, ministries. The situation is very bad," the prime minister told reporters. "There will be no reconciliation with those whose hands have been stained with blood and who turned weapons against the state and its institutions."
The Brotherhood was officially dissolved by Egypt's military rulers in 1954, but registered itself as a non-governmental organization in March in a response to a court case brought by opponents of the group who were contesting its legality.
Founded in 1928, the movement has deep roots in the provinces and has a legally registered political arm - the Freedom and Justice Party - which was set up in 2011 after unrest that led to the downfall of the autocratic Hosni Mubarak.
The Brotherhood won all five elections that followed the toppling of Mubarak, and Morsi governed the country for a year until he was undermined by mammoth rallies called by critics who denounced his rule as incompetent and partisan.
Army chief Abdel Fattah el-Sissi says he removed Morsi from office on July 3 to protect the country from possible civil war.
Brotherhood spokesman Gehad El-Haddad said the police had started to arrest the sons and daughters of the organization's leadership in an effort to gain leverage.
Despite the bloodshed, the Islamist group has urged its supporters to take to the streets every day this coming week, but there was no sign of large rallies by Saturday afternoon.
"Our rejection of the coup regime has become an Islamic, national and ethical obligation that we can never abandon," said the Brotherhood, which has accused the military of plotting the downfall of Morsi to regain the levers of power.
Iraq, wracked by its own civil strife, urged restraint.
"We were shocked by the huge number of casualties that resulted from breaking up the protests and by the excessive use of power," Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoshiyar Zebari told U.S-based al Hurra television.
Worryingly for the Egyptian army, violence was reported across the country on Friday, with deaths reported in at least eight cities and towns, suggesting it might struggle to impose control on the vast, largely desert state.
The government said 12 churches had been attacked and burned on Friday, blaming the Islamists for the destruction.
Foreign journalists in Cairo said they faced regular harassment as they tried to report on the clashes, with a number detained by police and civilian vigilante groups unhappy with coverage of the disturbances.
Meanwhile, a small explosion went off at the Egyptian consulate in Benghazi on Saturday causing some damage to the building, witnesses said. There were no immediate reports of casualties from the blast.
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