Seventy years after the liberation of Auschwitz, some 58 percent of Germans say the past should be consigned to history, while three-quarters of Israelis reject the idea of putting the past behind them.
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Some 48 percent of Germans also say their opinion of today's Israel is "poor" and the Germans' view of the Israeli government is even worse, with 62 percent expressing a negative opinion.
The figures are the results of a study by the Bertelsmann Foundation released Monday.
Nonetheless, a majority of both Israelis and Germans believe that Germany has a special responsibility toward Israel because of its history.
During the Third Reich, the Germans killed 6 million European Jews in the Holocaust.