Study: Anne Frank Died a Month Earlier Than Previously Assumed

Anne Frank foundation in Amsterdam concludes that Anne and her sister Margot probably died in Bergen-Belsen in February 1945.

AFP

Anne Frank died in a Nazi concentration camp at least a month earlier than her official date of death, according to a new study published on Tuesday.

"New research... has shed fresh light on the last days of Anne Frank and her sister Margot," the Anne Frank House in Amsterdam said on Tuesday, which was the official anniversary of her death.

"Their deaths must have occurred in February 1945," the foundation said in a statement reported by the website of the NDTV television channel.

The deaths of Anne Frank and her younger sister Margot in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in northern Germany were noted as between 1-31 March by the Red Cross at the time.

Dutch authorities later set the official date as March 31.

The new study attempts to trace the sisters' journey, first to Auschwitz-Birkenau in central Poland, then to Bergen-Belsen in November 1944, as the Russian army closed in from the east.

It uses archives from the Red Cross, the International Tracing Service and the Bergen-Belsen Memorial, together with "as many eyewitness testimonies and survivors as possible."

Four survivors reported that Anne and Margot showed symptoms of typhus by late January 1945.

"Most deaths of typhus occur around 12 days after the first symptoms appeared," the new study said, quoting the Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment.

"It is therefore unlikely that they survived until the end of March," the Anne Frank House said.

The exact date is unknown but one of the surviving witnesses, Rachel van Amerongen said: "One day they simply weren't there anymore."