More Israelis are immigrating to Britain than British Jews making aliyah to Israel, according to a new study released on Wednesday in the United Kingdom. The ratio of these entering Britain to those leaving is about three to two.
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Numbering some 25,000 people, the Israeli population in Britain is at an all-time high, according to the study. Their numbers increased particularly rapidly between 2000 and 2011 – averaging a rate of about 4 percent a year.
The Israelis living in the U.K. are not all Jews, according to the study. Just under 10 percent declare a religion other than Jewish, primarily Christianity, and another 16 percent do not declare any religion in census data.
At the other end of the spectrum. 16% of the Israelis in Britain are ultra-Orthodox and live in Britain's Haredi communities.
Constituting some 6 percent of the U.K. Jewish community as a whole, the Israelis are relatively secular and few belong to a synagogue. However, they are just a likely as native-born Jews to send their children to Jewish schools.
The Israeli population is mainly young – the majority is aged between 25 and 45 – and highly educated.
Only 9 percent of the Israel-born Jews in the U.K. have an Israeli-born spouse, indicating that marrying or partnering with someone from Britain is a major factor in the growth of the population.
Titled "Britain’s Israeli Diaspora," the study was commissioned by the Institute for Jewish Policy Research and authored by Dr. David Graham, a Senior Research Fellow at the Institute.
The data used for the study is based on U.K. census data and excludes people resident in Britain for less than 12 months.