This Day in Jewish History August 16

On this day in 1943, the Bialystok Ghetto Uprising began.

David Green
David B. Green
Send in e-mailSend in e-mail
David Green
David B. Green

On this day in 1943, the Jews of the ghetto of Bialystok, Poland, initiated an uprising against the city’s German occupiers. The revolt was sparked by the entry of the German SS – assisted by Latvian, Byelorussian and Ukrainian fighters – into the ghetto, with the goal of deporting the Jews (who had numbered about 60,000 in and around Bialystok before the war) to death camps.
In what became the second-largest revolt of a Jews against the Nazis (after the Warsaw Ghetto uprising), some 300 fighters of the Anti-Fascist Fighting Organization resisted the invading forces; their goal was to allow the residents of the ghetto to escape into the nearby Knyszn forest. Some Jews successfully got out, but the uprising was quickly put down and by August 20, the ghetto had been destroyed and some 10,000 Jews deported to Treblinka and other camps.

Mordechai Tenenbaum and Daniel Moszkowicz, the two young leaders of the partisans – whose arms included 25 rifles and 100 pistols – committed suicide before being captured.

Israeli children visit the death camp of Treblinka.Credit: AP
Mordechai Tenenbaum, a leader of the Bialystok Ghetto Uprising.Credit: Eyal Warshawski

Comments

SUBSCRIBERS JOIN THE CONVERSATION FASTER

Automatic approval of subscriber comments.

Subscribe today and save 40%

Already signed up? LOG IN

ICYMI

Palestinians search through the rubble of a building in which Khaled Mansour, a top Islamic Jihad militant was killed following an Israeli airstrike in Rafah, southern Gaza strip, on Sunday.

Gazans Are Tired of Pointless Wars and Destruction, and Hamas Listens to Them

Trump and Netanyahu at the White House in Washington, in 2020.

Three Years Later, Israelis Find Out What Trump Really Thought of Netanyahu

German soldier.

The Rival Jewish Spies Who Almost Changed the Course of WWII

Rio. Not all Jewish men wear black hats.

What Does a Jew Look Like? The Brits Don't Seem to Know

Galon. “I’m coming to accomplish a specific mission: to increase Meretz’s strength and ensure that the party will not tread water around the electoral threshold. If Meretz will be large enough, it will be the basis for a Jewish-Arab partnership.” Daniel Tchetchik

'I Have No Illusions About Ending the Occupation, but the Government Needs the Left'

Soldiers using warfare devices made by the Israeli defense electronics company Elbit Systems.

Russia-Ukraine War Catapults Israeli Arms Industry to Global Stage