January 18, 1874 This Day in Jewish History / A Reform Synagogue Pioneers 'Sunday as Shabbat'

People can't pray if they can’t come, proponents reasoned; outraged opponents saw 'moving' Shabbat as heresy and hypocrisy.

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On January 18, 1874, Reform Chicago Sinai Congregation held, for the first time in the United States, a Shabbat worship service – on a Sunday. That is, the synagogue – and its leader at the time, Rabbi...