Jewish community leaders in Australia have virtually abandoned support for the governing Labor Party, with most privately hoping the conservative Liberal Party wins the federal election next weekend.
The near consensus in favor of Tony Abbott to replace Kevin Rudd as the nation's next PM comes as the Liberal Party reportedly plans to upgrade relations with Jerusalem, make visa applications easier for Israelis, ban more terror groups and stop financial support to any organization that supports the boycott Israel campaign.
According to a report in The Australian newspaper on Monday, an Abbott-led government would add Israel to the growing list of countries that can access fast-track visas for short-term visits to Australia.
The latest polls predict the Liberal Party will win the September 7 election by 53 percent to Labor's 47 percent. Voting is mandatory and Orthodox Jews have started to pre-poll because all Australian elections are held on Saturdays.
If the polls are accurate, it would spell the end of a bitter battle between Foreign Minister Bob Carr and Jewish leaders, who were infuriated in January when he joined British Foreign Secretary William Hague in stating that all Israeli settlements are "illegal under international law."
Carr, a founder of the New South Wales Parliamentary Friends of Israel group in the 1970s, reignited Jewish angst last month in a speech outside Australia's largest mosque. "All settlements on Palestinian land are illegal under international law and should cease," he said. "That is the position of Kevin Rudd, the position of the federal Labor government, and we don't make apologies for it."
It prompted fellow Labor lawmaker Michael Danby to take out a full-page advertisement in last week's Australian Jewish News reminding Carr of Labor's "carefully calibrated even-handed policy on peace."
Danby, one of federal parliament's most vocal advocates for Israel, added: "Foreign ministers have come and gone but Australia and our Australian Jewish community's bond with Israel is as solid as Jerusalem stone."
But Albert Dadon, the founder of the Australia-Israel-UK Leadership Forum, who first took Rudd to Israel a decade ago, told Haaretz: "An old tradition in Australian politics was bipartisanship when it comes to support for Israel.
"Unfortunately it is evident that it's Labor that broke with that tradition and attempted to use Israel as a political football," said Dadon.
Another senior leader said there is "no question" the leadership of the Jewish community favors the Liberal Party.
He claimed some Jewish leaders felt "betrayed" by the Labor Party after Julia Gillard, who he described as "an unwavering friend of Israel," was dramatically deposed as prime minister at the end of June.
During Rudd's first stint as prime minister from 2007 to 2010 he led a successful campaign for Australia to win a temporary seat on the United Nations Security Council, but was accused of sacrificing support for Israel in a bid to woo Arab votes.
Gillard wanted to oppose the vote to upgrade the status of Palestine at the United Nations last year but was thwarted by a campaign reportedly led by Carr, who preferred to abstain.
The Jewish vote in Australia is neither uniform nor influential given its relatively small size, and most Jews generally vote primarily on economic and social issues, and not based on the party's Middle East policy.
But the Liberal Party's strong economic credentials, coupled with its unapologetic support for Israel, are understood to have attracted increased Jewish support in the last decade.
One Jewish leader said Labor's wavering posture on Israel would affect some Jewish voters. "I know there are a lot of Jewish people who feel strongly about it," he said.
Abbott, a London native who once enrolled at a Catholic seminary before abandoning plans for the priesthood, has wooed Jewish voters since his first public speech soon after being elected leader of the Liberal Party in December 2009.
"I'd like to think that nowhere in the world [does Israel] have more stauncher friends than us," he told Dadon's Leadership Forum in Melbourne.
Dr. Ron Weiser, a former president of the Zionist Federation of Australia, told Haaretz: "It is not uncritical support that we seek; it is the support of a friend who understands that Israel is a moral entity that behaves morally and with that understanding is more likely in the first instance to assume that Israel is correct rather than incorrect."
In an apparent swipe at Carr, he added: "We seek the support of a friend who understands the complexities of the Middle East and the fact that the obstacle to peace is not the legality of settlements but rather Palestinian intransigence and Palestinian unwillingness to accept a two-states-for-two-peoples solution."
But some Jewish leaders fear a Liberal government could "open the door to Holocaust denial" by amending the Racial Discrimination Act. Abbott has mooted the possibility of diluting section 18c of the RDA, which makes it illegal to commit an act that could "offend, insult, humiliate or intimidate another person or a group of people ... because of their race, color or national or ethnic origin."
It was precisely this section that was cited by Federal Court judge Catherine Branson in 2002 when she ruled that Adelaide's Dr Fredrick Toben must stop publishing Holocaust denial material on the Internet in a landmark case brought by Jewish community leaders.
Attorney-General Mark Dreyfus, another Jewish MP alongside Danby in the Labor government, argued in an open letter to Abbott recently that his preference to limit section 18c to acts of "intimidation or harassment" is inconsistent with his support for the London Declaration on Combatting Anti-Semitism.
"Section 18c is precisely the kind of legislated protection against anti-Semitism and discrimination that the London Declaration calls on its signatories to enact," Dreyfus wrote.
The best outcome for the Australian Jewish community would be a narrow victory for the Liberal Party, added one senior Jewish leader.
"That would mean Australia would revert to its historic position regarding Israel but they will not be able to ram through badly thought-out amendments to the Racial Discrimination Act."
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