Israeli Women Live Longer, but Still Earn Less Than Men

Women's life expectancy in 2009 was 83.5 years, compared to 81.8 years in 2004; men's life expectancy was 79.7 years, a two-year increase compared to the life expectancy in 2005.

Israeli women live longer than men but still earn less, according to figures released by the Central Bureau of Statistics for 2009 ahead of International Women's Day on March 8.

At the end of 2009 Israel's population consisted of 3.8 million women and 3.7 million men. Women's life expectancy that year was 83.5 years, compared to 81.8 years in 2004. Men's life expectancy was 79.7 years, a two-year increase compared to the life expectancy in 2005.

senior woman - Reuters

While women's participation in the labor force continues to rise - 52.7 percent in 2010 compared to 41 percent in 1990 - women are still earning less than men. Women constitute 68 percent of the lowest tenth of wage earners and only 26 percent of the highest tenth.

A woman's average monthly wage in 2009 was 66 percent that of a man's. The average gross monthly income for a man that year was NIS 9,626 compared to NIS 6,280 for a woman.

At the beginning of the 1990s, hired women's income made up 57 percent of men's income. The differences stem among other things from the number of weekly work hours - 45 for men and 36 for women.

In 2009 the income for one hour of a woman's work was 83 percent of a man's hourly income, the same as it was the previous year.

Of the employed women, 40 percent had part time jobs compared to 18 percent of men in 2010. Among Arab women 52 percent had part time jobs, compared to 39 percent of the Jewish ones.

Single mothers' participation rate in the labor force in 2010 was 76.3 percent - more than married mothers, 68.3 percent of whom worked outside the home. In 2010 93,000 women worked in high tech - 35.6 percent of the overall workers in this field.

Between 1990 and 2010 the number of women academics rose considerably from 39.75 to 47.5 percent. During that period the proportional part of women managers rose from 16 percent in 1990 to 32.9 percent in 2010.

In 2009 the average age of women who gave birth to their first child was 27.

In 2008 11.1 percent of the known pregnancies were deliberately terminated. Pregnancy termination committees approved 98.6 percent of the requests made by almost 20,000 women that year.