Pnina Grynszpan-Frymer, a Warsaw Ghetto Fighter, Dies at 94

The veteran of the Jewish Fighting Organization also joined the partisans and later fought in the 1944 Warsaw Uprising.

Pnina Grynszpan-Frymer, who fought in the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.
The Grynszpan-Frymer family (Courtesy)

One of the last surviving fighters of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, Pnina Grynszpan-Frymer, died Thursday in Tel Aviv. She was 94.

Grynszpan-Frymer was born in 1922 in the town of Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki near Warsaw. When World War II broke out in 1939 with Germany's invasion of Poland, she joined Eyal, the Jewish Fighting Organization, also widely known by its Polish initials, OB.

She fought the Germans in the 1943 Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, fled the burning ruins through the sewage tunnels and joined the partisans in the forests. A year later she returned to Warsaw, where she was hidden by Poles and took part in the 1944 Warsaw Uprising.

In 1945, after the war, she discovered that her entire family had been murdered in the Holocaust. At the end of that year she moved to prestate Israel and lived with her future husband Chaim also a veteran of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising and a founder of Kibbutz Lohamei Haget’aot. The two later made their home in Tel Aviv, and Chaim died in 1972.

Grynszpan-Frymer is survived by two children and four grandchildren. Her memoir, “The Nights Had Been Our Days,” was published in Tel Aviv in 1984 and was made into a film.

The funeral will take place Sunday in the Holon cemetery.

The Monument to the Evacuation of the Warsaw Ghetto Fighters, Warsaw, May 1, 2013.
Adrian Grycuk / Wikimedia Commons