Israel, Lebanon Argue Over Offshore Energy Reserves, Beirut Slams 'Threat'

Lieberman urges int'l firms not to bid on 'very provocative' Lebanese offshore oil and gas exploration in disputed territory on the countries’ maritime border

Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman at a memorial ceremony for Irgun fallen soldiers who fell in battle.
Ariel Hermoni/Defense Ministry

Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman described as “very provocative” on Wednesday a Lebanese offshore oil and gas exploration tender in disputed territory on the countries’ maritime border, and urged international firms not to bid.

Lebanese President Michel Aoun, whose country considers Israel an enemy state, described the comments as “a threat" to Lebanon.

“When they issue a tender on a gas field, including Block 9, which by any standard is ours ... this is very, very challenging and provocative conduct here,” Lieberman said. 

“Respectable firms” bidding on the tender “are, to my mind, making a grave error - because this is contrary to all of the rules and all protocol in cases like this,” he told an international security conference hosted by Tel Aviv University’s Institute for National Security Studies, a think-tank.

His remarks come after Lebanon in December approved a bid by a consortium of France’s Total, Italy’s Eni and Russia’s Novatek for two of the five blocks put up for tender in the country’s much-delayed first oil and gas offshore licensing round.

One of the awarded blocks, Block 9, borders Israeli waters. Lebanon has an unresolved maritime border dispute with Israel over a triangular area of sea of around 860 square kilometers that extends along the edge of three of the blocks.

“Lieberman’s words about Block 9 are a threat to Lebanon and its right to sovereignty over its territorial waters,” Aoun said on his official Twitter account.

Lebanese Prime Minister Saad al-Hariri said the country would take up the comments with the “relevant international bodies to affirm its right to act in its territorial waters."

“For the past few days Israeli officials have been deliberately sending threatening messages to Lebanon,” Hariri said in a statement from his press office.

Hariri said Lieberman’s words were “blatant provocation."

The contracts are expected to be officially signed on February 9, the Lebanese Petroleum Administration said, allowing exploration to begin.

The licensing round was relaunched in January 2016 after a three-year delay caused by political paralysis.

Lebanon is on the Levant Basin in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, where a number of big sub-sea gas fields have been discovered since 2009, including the Leviathan and Tamar fields located in Israeli waters near the disputed marine border with Lebanon.

Israel last went to war in Lebanon in 2006, against the Iran-backed Hezbollah militia. With tensions rising anew, Lieberman said Lebanon would “pay in full” for any new Hezbollah attacks on Israel.

But he said Israel sought no war, adding: “We try to conduct ourselves determinedly and responsibly.”