Israel Admits: Plan to Relocate Asylum Seekers Has Collapsed, No Way to Forcibly Deport Africans

Israel tells top court it will stop holding deportation hearings and any previous decisions on deportations have now been nullified

Asylum seekers protest against deportation in Tel Aviv, Israel, Saturday, Feb. 24, 2018. Israel considers the vast majority of the nearly 40,000 migrants to be job seekers and says it has no legal obligation to keep them. The Africans, nearly all from dictatorial Eritrea and war-torn Sudan, say they fled for their lives and face renewed danger if they return. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit)
Ariel Schalit/AP

Israel has admitted in court on Tuesday that its plan to relocate African asylum seekers has fallen through and that there is currently no possibility to forcibly deport them. A statement by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said in response that Israel would reopen the detention facilities it established for asylum seekers.

To really understand Israel and the Middle East - subscribe to Haaretz

In a statement, the state said it would stop holding pre-deportation hearings for the asylum seekers and that any previous decisions on the matter are now nullified.

A coalition of human rights groups petitioned the High Court of Justice last month to demand that those who face deportation be allowed to see the agreements Israel allegedly signed with Rwanda or Uganda, the countries to which it planned to deport them. Both African nations deny the existence of such deals.

At pre-deportation hearings, a state representative tells asylum seekers that they must leave for “a safe third country under the agreements Israel has with both countries,” even though the agreement with Rwanda collapsed months ago and efforts to negotiate a revised agreement with Uganda have failed.

Israel said on Tuesday that those who had received a deportation date would now have their status renewed every sixty days, as was the case before the attempt to expel them.

“Israel will continue to act on the issue of the infiltrators,” said the statement, referencing the term the government uses to describe asylum seekers, “including attempts to encourage them to leave on their own accord or relocating them involuntarily, in accordance with the law. Israel’s immigration officials will continue to refer infiltrators to the ‘voluntary departure’ office, allowing them to relocate to a third country, but without conditioning the renewal of their legal status of their willingness to leave to a third country.”

Eighteen Jewish members of the U.S. Congress sent a letter to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Monday, urging him to reconsider the deal his government reached but then canceled with the United Nations at the beginning of the month regarding the deportation of African asylum seekers.

The signatories of the letter, all Democrats, said they were “heartened” by the agreement and “disappointed” by Netanyahu’s swift decision to retract it on April 3 following strong pressure from the right wing in Israel.

According to the UN deal, Israel would have sent as many as 16,500 asylum seekers to be resettled in Western countries while allowing a similar number to remain in Israel until a better solution is found.

Israel negotiated the UN agreement following the collapse of a prior arrangement it reportedly had with Rwanda to deport thousands of asylum seekers there.

After he canceled the UN deal, Netanyahu signaled that he is once again examining ways of forcibly deporting asylum seekers to an unspecified “third country” in Africa – most likely Uganda. But a special envoy sent there to negotiate a deal returned last week without signing any sort of agreement with the country.