Trump's Peace Plan Calls for Two States, Settlement Freeze

'Undivided Jerusalem' will be Israeli capital, Palestinian capital in East Jerusalem ■ Netanyahu: Israel is ready to negotiate based on the plan, we will apply Israeli law to areas recognized by U.S.

Noa Landau
Amir Tibon
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U.S. President Donald Trump winks at Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu during a joint news conference in the East Room of the White House in Washington, U.S., January 28, 2020.
U.S. President Donald Trump winks at Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu during a joint news conference in the East Room of the White House in Washington, U.S., January 28, 2020. Credit: BRENDAN MCDERMID/Reuters
Noa Landau
Amir Tibon

WASHINGTON - U.S. President Donald Trump unveiled his much-awaited peace plan on Tuesday at the White House. Alongside Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Trump said his plan is "a win-win" for both Israel and the Palestinians. Speaking after Trump’s announcement, Netanyahu said that he would begin applying Israeli law to all of Israel’s settlements in the West Bank.

The main points of the plan include:

■ Two states, while safeguarding Israel's security

■ A committee will draw up a detailed map as a basis for negotiations

■ A four-year freeze on Israeli settlement expansion

■ Jerusalem will be Israel's capital

■ Palestinian capital will be in East Jerusalem neighborhood, beyond the separation barrier

Trump said that Netanyahu was "willing to endorse the plan as the basis for direct negotiations." Netanyahu said that the first stage of annexing Israeli settlements in the West Bank, the Jordan Valley and the northern Dead Sea will be brought before the government on Sunday.

At 80 pages, Trump said the plan "is the most detailed proposal ever put forward." The president added that it give the Palestinians "the time needed to rise up and meet the challenges of statehood."

Trump promised that no Israelis or Palestinians will be uprooted from their homes.

>> Read more: What Israel and Palestine will look like according to Trump's planTrump's Mideast plan is a recipe for war, not peace | Opinion ■ Trump’s peace plan will fail – but its vision could still endure | Analysis

1:09 A.M. Qatar appreciates efforts on solutions to the Arab-Israeli conflict, al Jazeera reports

U.S. President Donald Trump and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu arrive for an announcement of Trump's Middle East peace plan in the East Room of the White House in Washington, DC on January Credit: AFP

The Qatari foreign ministry says they appreciate the American efforts to find solutions to the Arab-Israeli conflict as long as they are within the framework of international legitimacy, according to state TV al Jazeera.

12:35 A.M. Kushner: 'I don't believe' Netanyahu will apply Israeli sovereignty to all Israeli settlements on Sunday

Asked on CNN about Netanyahu's statement that Israeli sovereignty will be applied on Sunday to all the Israeli settlements in the West Bank, as well as to the entire Jordan Valley area, Jared Kushner says: "I don't believe this is going to happen this weekend, at least not as far as I know."

11:42 P.M. Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren reject Trump's plan

Democratic nomination candidates Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren both rejected Trump's plan on Tuesday.

In a statement, Sanders said Trump's proposal is unacceptable and only perpetuates the conflict. "Any acceptable peace deal must be consistent with international law and multiple UN Security Council resolutions. It must end the Israeli occupation that began in 1967 and enable Palestinian self-determination in an independent, democratic, economically viable state of their own alongside a secure and democratic state of Israel," the statement read.

Warren called the plan a "rubber stamp for annexation" which offers no chance for a real Palestinian state. "Releasing a plan without negotiating with Palestinians isn't diplomacy, it's a sham. I will oppose unilateral annexation in any form—and reverse any policy that supports it," Warren said in a tweet on Tuesday.

11:04 P.M. Red Crescent: Ten hurt in clashes at West Bank checkpoint

Israeli soldiers in the Jordan Valley, January 26, 2020.

Ten people have been hurt, including five by rubber bullets, in clashes between Palestinian proteters and Israeli forces near the Beit El checkpoint near the town of Al-Bireh north of Ramallah.

10:46 P.M. Palestinians and security forces clash at checkpoints, 12 hospitalized for gas inhalation

After Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas concluded his speech, a number of convoys set out for checkpoints in the Bethlehem, Al Bireh and Ramallah areas. Dozens of Palestinian youths clashed with IDF soldiers, who fired tear gas and rubber bullets towards protesters. The Red Crescent reported that 12 protesters were hospitalized for gas inhalation.

Palestinian factions, mainly Fatah, called on protest convoys throughout the West Bank Wednesday, and Hamas-supported protests will be held as well in the Gaza Strip.

10:09 P.M. UN committed to peace based on resolutions, agreements, international law

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres is committed to helping Israel and the Palestinians broker peace on the basis of UN resolutions, international law, bilateral agreements and the vision of two states based on pre-1967 borders, his spokesman said in a statement after the United States unveiled its plan.

One such UN resolution was adopted by the Security Council a month before Trump took office in January 2017. The resolution demanded an end to Israeli settlements, with 14 votes in favor and one abstention by former U.S. President Barack Obama's administration. (Reuters)

10:09 P.M. UAE ambassador to Washington: UAE believes that Palestinians and Israelis can achieve lasting peace and genuine coexistence

The United Arab Emirates' ambassador to Washington said in a statement on Tuesday that the UAE believes Palestinians and Israelis can achieve lasting peace and genuine coexistence with the support of the international community, the UAE Embassy in Washington said on Twitter.

Ambassador Yousef Al Otaiba also announced the UAE's appreciation to continued U.S efforts to reach a Palestinian-Israeli peace agreement.

The peace plan announced today offers an important starting point for a return to negotiations within a U.S-led international framework, the ambassador said.

10:00 P.M. EU says Trump plan an opportunity, reiterates need for two-state solution

In a statement, the European Union said the U.S. plan "provides an occasion to re-launch the urgently needed efforts towards a negotiated and viable solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict."

It will study the proposals, which will be "done on the basis of the EU’s established position and its firm and united commitment to a negotiated and viable two-state solution that takes into account the legitimate aspirations of both the Palestinians and the Israelis, respecting all relevant UN resolutions and internationally agreed parameters."

9:47 P.M. Egyptian foreign ministry calls on Palestinians and Israelis to study the peace plan, open channels of dialogue and resume negotiations under U.S. auspices

Haaretz Weekly Ep. 58Credit: Haaretz

9:42 P.M. Education Minister Peretz calls for immediate annexation, will not allow a Palestinian state

Calling it a "historic evening," Education Minister and Habayit Hayehudi Chairman Rafi Peretz said that Trump "stood and declared publically that the Land of Israel belongs to the Nation of Israel on the validity of our historic right," saying that it is a "holiday eve."

He added that Israel must impose sovereignty immediately in the Jordan Valley and Judea and Samaria, and that "I will vote on Sunday with greatness and happiness. With this, I will not allow the promotion of a Palestinian state."

9:41 P.M. British FM urges Israeli and Palestinian leaders to consider Trump plan

British Foreign Minister Dominic Raab called on Israeli and Palestinian leaders to give fair consideration to the U.S. plan.

"This is clearly a serious proposal, reflecting extensive time and effort," said Raab in a statement. "Only the leaders of Israel and the Palestinian territories can determine whether these proposals can meet the needs and aspirations of the people they represent.

"We encourage them to give these plans genuine and fair consideration, and explore whether they might prove a first step on the road back to negotiations," he said.

9:39 P.M. Turkey's foreign ministry said that Trump's plan aims to 'kill two-state solution and steal Palestinian lands'

9:29 P.M. Tibi: Trump's plan is to save Netanyahu's election through apartheid

Tweeting in English, Joint List MK Ahmad Tibi wrote, that Trump's deal "is a plan to save Netanyahu’s election through imposing Apartheid. This immorality should be opposed by everyone who cares about the present and future of ALL Israelis and Palestinians."

9:20 P.M. Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas: "Trump, Jerusalem is not for sale"

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas addressed Donald Trump following the release of his peace plan alongside Benjamin Netanyahu on Tuesday: "Trump, Jerusalem is not for sale. Our rights are not for sale. Your conspiracy deal will not pass."

In a rare display of unity, members of the Palestinian Liberation Organization, Hamas and the Islamic Jihad are attending Abbas' speech in Ramallah, in rejection of Trump's peace plan. Read more here

9:13 P.M. Hezbollah: 'complicity and betrayal' of Arab states allowed plan to happen

Hezbollah says U.S. plan would not have happened without 'complicity and betrayal' of several Arab states, Al Manar TV reported. (Reuters)

9:13 P.M. Hamas says it will confront Trump's 'aggressive' Middle East plan

"Trump's statement is aggressive and it will spark a lot of anger," Hamas official Sami Abu Zuhri told Reuters.

"Trump's statement about Jerusalem is nonsense and Jerusalem will always be a land for the Palestinians ... The Palestinians will confront this deal and Jerusalem will remain a Palestinian land," Abu Zuhri added.

In Gaza City, Palestinians burned tires and chanted: "Trump is a fool."

"We came here to reject this deal, the American deal of shame. The United States is responsible for all destruction in the Arab world," said Tamer Al-Madhoun, a protester.

9:10 P.M. Israel’s attorney general asked if a transitional government can carry out annexation

At the Institute for National Security Studies conference, Attorney General Avichai Mendelblit was asked whether a transitional government can annex territory.

"I don't know about government decisions like this because nothing has passed through me," he said, and it is as of yet unknown. He said that they will examine the legal aspects, as "transitional governments can also do certain things, urgent things, and there have been things like policy agreements a month or so before elections." He said he does not rule out any possibility.

9:07 P.M. Moscow urges Israel and Palestinians to "negotiate directly" after Trump plan

9:02 P.M. Netanyahu tells reporters that Israel gained U.S. support in applying Israeli law to West Bank settlements

Following Trump's peace plan presentation, Netanyahu said that Israel won American recognition for applying Israeli sovereignty to West Bank settlements, the Jordan Valley and the northern Dead Sea area.

"The law of Itamar is the law of Tel Aviv," Netanyahu told reporters in Washington, referring to the West Bank settlement.

9:00 P.M. Kahol Lavan: Trump plan strong and righteous basis for peace with Palestinians

Trump's "important and historic speech" given by a "true friend to Israel and the Jewish people" conforms to Kahol Lavan's policy and security values, the party said in a tweet.

Trump's plan constitutes "a strong and righteous basis for promoting peace with the Palestinians while safeguarding the arrangements Israel has with Jordan and Egypt" and other countries in the region.

"It is clearer than ever that this is a serious, thorough and comprehensive plan," the party said. In order to implement it, Israel must promote a strong and stable government helmed by someone fully dedicated to Israel's security and future, "and not guilty of severe crimes of corruption."

8:56 P.M. Odeh: Like apartheid and segregation, the occupation will end

Ayman Odeh, chairman of the Joint List, said: “like the policy of segregation in the southern United States, apartheid, the Vietnam War and numerous other stains in human history, the occupation will end and the Palestinian nation will live alongside the State of Israel. In the end, the rightful demand for equality and peace will succeed against the surrender to superiority and war.”

8:49 P.M. U.S. Envoy to Israel David Friedman says Israel is free to annex settlements at any time

8:38 P.M. Jordanian FM: Palestinian state with E. Jerusalem capital with two-state solution only path to peace

Jordanian Foreign Affairs Minister Ayman Safadi criticized the plan in a statement, saying that the establishment of a Palestinian state with East Jerusalem as its capital on the basis of the two-state solution is the only path to comprehensive and lasting peace.

He called for direct negotiations in a comprehensive solution in accordance with established terms of reference, the Arab Peace Initiative and international law. Safadi also warned of dangerous consequences of unilateral Israeli measures that aim at imposing new realities on the ground.

8:34 P.M. Bennett: We will not allow Israel to recognize a Palestinian state

Security Minister and Hayamin Hehadash MK Naftali Bennett said in response to the plan, “We will not allow for Israel, under any circumstances, to recognize a Palestinian state.”

He added that in the coming days Israel must apply Israeli law to all settlement territories. This must not be postponed to after the election, and not be satisfied with partial sovereignty. "Everything should be taken, and now."

8:33 P.M. Joint List lawmaker: Netanyahu and Trump priding themselves on 'apartheid deal'

Joint List MK Yousef Jabareen condemned Trump's plan, saying that the president and Netanyahu are taking pride in the "apartheid deal" they drafted together while "trampling the international consensus on the two-state solution."

"We in the Joint List will fight all annexation initiatives – before and after elections," Jabareen said. "Only the Joint List is a political home that honestly opposes expulsion, occupation and the dangerous apartheid deal."

8:20 P.M. Joint List MK: Trump plan 'terrorist attack on any just and genuine peace plan'

MK Ofer Cassif, the only Jewish candidate in the Arab majority Joint list also slammed Trump's plan on Tuesday. "The Trump Plan is not a peace plan but a war plan, a program to commemorate the occupation and regulate apartheid. Ignoring the Palestinians and their exclusion from the 'plan' indicated this in the first place. Not Israel's interest and certainly not the Palestinians interest are expressed in it, but rather the interest of settlers and corrupt state leaders."

Cassif added that "referring to Jerusalem as 'united and liberated under Israel,' annexing settlements – all illegal – and creating Palestinian Bantustans under Israeli control, would make apartheid in the Occupied Territories formally embedded in Israeli law. This is a terrorist attack on any just and genuine peace plan and a recipe for bloodshed."

8:31 P.M. Palestinians protest 'Deal of the Century' in the West Bank

Hundreds of people are rallying in Ramallah, waving Palestinian flags and chanting slogans against Trump and Netanyahu.

Protests are also taking place in Nablus, Yatta, Beit Ummar, Hebron, Qalqilya, and Bet El, where the Israeli army is firing tear gas. No casualties were reported by the Palestinian Health Ministry and Red Crescent.

8:24 P.M. U.S. bans employees from traveling to Jerusalem Old City, West Bank and Gaza in light of Palestinian calls for protest

The U.S. Embassy in Jerusalem issued a security alert for Jerusalem's Old City, the West Bank and Gaza in light of the Trump plan's presentation, barring U.S. government employees and their families from conducting personal travel in the area in light of widespread Palestinian calls for demonstrations.

The warning also noted that as "security incidents, including rocket fire, often take place without warning, U.S. citizens are strongly encouraged to remain vigilant and take appropriate steps to increase their security awareness" in case of possible attacks from Gaza.

8:03 P.M. Iranian official dismisses Trump plan as one-sided 'imposition'

An adviser to Iran's president called the plan "solely a deal between the United States and Israel," dismissing the proposal as one of "imposition and sanctions."

"This is a deal between the Zionist regime (Israel) and America. Interaction with Palestinians is not on its agenda. This is not a peace plan but a plan of imposition and sanctions," Hesameddin Ashena tweeted after Trump unveiled details of plan in Washington. (Reuters)

8:02 P.M. Netanyahu: Israel will maintain security control over Jordan Valley, Gaza to be demilitarized

In his speech, Netanyahu said that Palestinians will have to recognize Israel as the Jewish State, and that Israel will maintain military control in the entire Jordan Valley, giving Israel a permanent eastern border with which to protect itself.

Trump's plan also calls for Hamas to be disarmed and for Gaza to be demilitarized, and it "makes clear that the Palestinian refugee problem must be solved outside the state of Israel." It ensures, he continued, "that religious sites remain accessible to all faiths and maintains the status quo on the Temple Mount"

7:49 P.M. Israel will apply its sovereignty to all its communities in the West Bank, Netanyahu says

Israel will maintain the status quo in all areas not addressed by the plan, the prime minister added.

7:43 P.M. Netanyahu: Trump recognizing settlements throughout West Bank, 'large and small alike'

Netanyahu said that this day will go down in history, as Trump became the "first world leader to recognizer Israeli sovereignty over areas of Judea and Samaria that are vital to our security and vital to our heritage."

While many plans tried to pressure Israel to withdraw from the West Bank and "outrageously" deemed it as illegally occupied territory, he continued, "today, Mr. President, you are punctuating this big lie. You are recognizing Israel's sovereignty over all Israeli communities in Judea and Samaria, large and small alike."

7:34 P.M. Hamas official in Gaza calls Trump's statement 'aggressive,' deems Jerusalem plan 'nonsense'

"Trump's statement is aggressive and it will spark a lot of anger," Sami Abu Zuhri told Reuters.

"Trump's statement about Jerusalem is nonsense and Jerusalem will always be a land for the Palestinians ... The Palestinians will confront this deal and Jerusalem will remain a Palestinian land," Abu Zuhri added. (Reuters)

7:33 P.M. Trump thanks Oman, Bahrain and United Arab Emirates for supporting peace efforts, sending ambassadors to White House

7:30 P.M. Trump to Abbas: 'If you accept the plan, we will be there'

Trump called on Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, who has expressed vehement opposition, to accept his administration's plan. "I want you to know that if you accept the plan, we will be there, we will be there to help you in any possible way," he said. "It will work, if they do this, it will work"

"It is time for the Muslim world to correct the mistake they made in 1948 when they chose to attack and not recognize the state of Israel," Trump said.

7:02 P.M. Gulf representatives present at peace plan presentation

In attendance at the peace plan release ceremony are representatives from the United Arab Emirates, Oman and Bahrain.

6:25 P.M. PA and Hamas chiefs speak, call for unity against Trump plan

Palestinian Wafa News Agency reported that Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas and Hamas political chief Ismail Haniyeh spoke over the phone on Tuesday, in which Haniyeh expressed support for Abbas's position and called for unity against Trump's peace plan.

6:17 P.M. Abbas to speak, Hamas and Islamic Jihad will attend gathering

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas will deliver a special address on Tuesday evening in response to the unveiling of Trump's Mideast plan. For the first time in nine years, representatives from Hamas and Islamic Jihad will attend the gathering of Palestinian factions in Ramallah. The peace plan has drawn sharp criticism from the Palestinian leadership, but has been largely met with apathy by the general public.

4:45 P.M. Gazans protest peace plan: 'Palestine is not for sale'

In Gaza City on Tuesday, protesters waved Palestinian flags and held aloft posters of Abbas. "Trump is a fool, Palestine is not for sale!" an activist shouted through a loudspeaker.

Others chanted "Death to America" and "Death to Israel" as they burned tires and posters of Trump. More protests were expected after Trump announces details of his plan later in the day. (Reuters)

4:19 P.M. Labor-Gesher Chairman Peretz warns of escalation in West Bank, Gaza

Labor-Gesher Chairman Amir Peretz called on the Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee to convene immediately: "The 'deal of the century' is liable to ignite the area and develop into a severe security escalation," he wrote in a letter to the committee chief, Kahol Lavan MK Gabi Ashkenazi.

Peretz said that the Mideast plan could cause escalations in Gaza and the West Bank, and the committee must discuss and plan for this possibility. "We must examine the diplomatic and security measures and activities that will help preserve the calm and stability," he wrote.

3:11 P.M. Palestinian envoy says Trump plan will lead to Israeli apartheid state

The chief Palestinian envoy to Britain said Trump's Middle East peace plan effectively gives a green light to Israel to establish an apartheid state.

"This is a political circus, it's a sad piece of political theatre," said Husam Zomlot, who previously served as head of the Palestinian mission to Washington and as strategic adviser to President Mahmoud Abbas.

While the peace proposal to be announced by Trump at noon in Washington might refer to the establishment of a Palestinian state, Zomlot said it would have none of the characteristics of a true state and would leave the Israelis able to carve up Palestinian territory into "bantustans." (Reuters)

12:28 P.M. Israeli army irregularly bolsters troops in Jordan Valley

Reinforcements will focus on Palestinian towns Tummun and Tubas in the northern Jordan Valley, and not the Jordan border, according to military sources.

The decision appears to be connected to the release of the Trump administration's peace plan later on Tuesday, and Israeli proclamations regarding the possibility of annexing the Jordan Valley.

12:21 P.M. Settler council heads say they will oppose Trump's peace plan if it includes forming Palestinian state

After meeting with senior U.S. officials on Tuesday, the head of the Yesha Council of Settlements, David Elhayani said: "We cannot agree to a plan that will include the formation of a Palestinian state which will pose a threat to the State of Israel and a great danger in the future."

The statement declared that no council head will allow a Palestinian state to be formed, even at the price of renouncing sovereignty over the West Bank and Jordan Valley. It called upon Netanyahu and lawmakers not to accept such a deal.

This contradicts a statement issued on Monday night by the Yesha council delegation, made up of four members, after it met with Benjamin Netanyahu. The statement said its members would be waiting for full publication to give a final opinion, but were broadly supportive of the deal.

Two prominent rabbis, Haim Druckman and Dov Lior, also issued a statement calling for the rejection of any provisions for a Palestinian state on Monday night.

11:30 A.M. Hamas parliamentarian to attend Palestinian factions forum during unveiling of Trump's peace plan

10:11 A.M. Mahmoud Abbas to fly to Amman, Cairo for policy meetings after release of Trump's plan

A source in Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas' Bureau told Haaretz Tuesday that Abbas will leave for Amman Wednesday and will continue to Cairo for a round of policy meetings, including with the Arab League. His office is currently planning his schedule and meetings which will be adjusted in accordance with today's developments.

The source also added that Abbas will make a statement Tuesday at the opening of a Palestinian leadership meeting in Ramallah.

Monday, 10:30 P.M. White House Twitter welcomes Gantz

The White House Twitter account posted a photo of Gantz and Trump, captioned "President @realDonaldTrump welcomed
@gantzbe, leader of Israel’s Blue and White party, to the White House today!"

Monday, 10:19 P.M. Gantz says will implement plan after election

Benny Gantz told reporters he would move to implement Trump's plan after Israel's March 2 election "in tandem with other countries in the region."

"The president's peace plan is a significant and historic milestone, indeed," he said. "Immediately after the election I will work toward implementing it from within a stable functioning Israeli government."

"President Trump and I also discussed the importance of dialogue with the Palestinians, the neighboring countries and the king of Jordan," Gantz added.

"Trump is a courageous friend of the State of Israel," he said. "I thanked the president for his commitment to Israel's security. I thanked him for recognizing Israeli soveeignity in the Golan Heights and moving the embassy to Jerusalem."

Monday, 10:05 P.M. Gantz to Trump: Peace plan implementation should wait until after Israeli election

A source in Gantz’s entourage says the Kahol Lavan leader told Trump that the plan should not be implemented until after Israel’s March 2 election.

Monday, 9:58 P.M. Abbas spokesman calls for Trump plan boycott

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas’s spokesman called on envoys representing Arab or Muslim countries who were invited to the White House for the release of Trump’s plan to boycott the event.

Monday, 8:57 P.M. Gantz: Trump 'true friend' of the Jewish people

Following his meeting with the president, Gantz tweeted: “President Trump, you are a true friend of the State of Israel and the Jewish people.”

Monday, 7:36 P.M. Netanyahu and Trump discussed Iran, ICC

Sources in Netanyahu's entourage say the leaders discussed the peace plan to be released tomorrow, but that most of their conversation was centered around Iran, curbing its aggression and the campaign of pressure on the country from all fronts. They also discussed the International Criminal Court case against Israel, and talked at length about strengthening deterrence and U.S. influence in the wake of the killing of Iranian Maj. Gen. Qassem Soleimani.

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