The average pretax salary for an employed worker in Israel in 2013 was 9,030 shekels ($2,376) a month, a 1.4% increase in real terms from 2012. The median salary was 6,578 shekels, up 3.3% from 2012, meaning that fully half of all salaried employees in Israel earned 6,578 shekels a month or less.
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The data come from the Central Bureau of Statistics 2013 survey of household expenditures, published Wednesday.
The average gross pay per hour in 2013 decreased 0.4% from 2012, to 52 shekels.
Last year, Israel had a bit more than 3 million salaried workers, 51.4% of them men. Their age averaged 39.5 years and they had an average of 14 years of schooling.
The average woman received 7,280 shekels a month before tax, versus 10,683 shekels for men. This means that men earned on average 32% more than women.
The median salaries were 5,615 shekels a month before taxes for women and 7,657 shekels for men, a gap of 27%.
Part of the gap between women and men’s salaries stems from men working more hours than women. Men work an average 45.8 hours a week, while women work 37.1 hours.
But that doesn’t fully explain the gap in wages: Men earn an average 55.4 shekels an hour, while women earn 47.4 shekels, a gap of 14.4%.
Furthermore, some 75% of the earners in the top decile are men. In the ninth decile, 58% are men, while 42% are women. Figures for the eighth decile are similar.
The lower the decile, the larger the representation of women. Women account for 66% of earners in the second decile. In the bottom decile, women account for only 54% of wage earners and men are 46%.
Women account for the majority of wage earners in the bottom four deciles of the wage scale, while men account for the majority in the top six.
The average salary in the top decile was 29,177 shekels a month last year, working out to 29,856 shekels for men in that decile and 27,118 shekels for women. The median salary in that decile was 24,874 shekels a month, while the average pay per hour was 136.7 shekels.
The average salary in the bottom decile was 839 shekels a month – 892 shekels for women and 776 shekels for men. The median salary in that decile was 708 shekels, while the average pay per hour was 7 shekels – well below the minimum wage.
This means that men in the top decile earned on average 38.5 times what men in the bottom decile earned, before accounting for taxes.
Women in the top decile earned 30.4 times what their counterparts in the bottom decile earned.
The survey also found a significant gap between average salaries earned by Jews and Arabs, as in previous years.
The average salary per month for Jewish Israelis was 9,566 shekels, versus an average of 6,076 shekels a month for Arabs. So the average salary for Arabs was 63.5% of the average salary for Jews. That gap persisted for average pay per hour – 55 shekels for Jews versus 35.8 shekels for Arabs.
The gap remains even adjusting for years of schooling, although it was smaller among Jews and Arabs with less than 12 years of schooling. Arabs with at least 16 years of education earned on average 65.8% of what Jews with a similar amount of education earned, while Arabs with eight years of education earned 88% of what their Jewish counterparts earned.