TIMELINE: How the Latest Israel-Gaza Flare-up Unfolded

Jonathan Shamir
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Smoke rises after Israeli airstrikes on residential building in Gaza, on Saturday.
Jonathan Shamir
Jonathan Shamir
Jonathan Shamir
Jonathan Shamir

Israel has launched a military operation targeting Islamic Jihad in the Gaza Strip, in the most violent flare-up with the Palestinians in over a year.

The Palestinian Health Ministry has reported 49 deaths, including some 36 civilians, and more than 300 injured and widespread damage to infrastructure. One Israeli civilian and two soldiers have also been lightly wounded by shrapnel.

Israel says that the express purpose of the campaign has been to cripple Islamic Jihad, Gaza’s second-largest militant group. Unlike in the last round of fighting, ruling party Hamas has so far chosen to sit out the conflict. For its part, Israel has limited its efforts to focus on Islamic Jihad targets in the Strip.

This is the sixth major escalation since 2007, when Hamas consolidated its control of the Gaza Strip and Israel tightened its blockade on the 2 million Palestinians in the coastal enclave.

Monday, Aug. 1, 10:30 P.M.
Israel arrests Islamic Jihad leader in West Bank
IDF soldiers patrol near Jenin.

An undercover Israeli unit entered Jenin refugee camp on Monday night to arrest Bassam al-Saadi, one of the Islamic Jihad’s leading figures in the West Bank, as well as his aide.

During the raid, Israel forces also killed 17-year-old Durar Riyad al-Kafarini in an exchange of fire.

Tuesday, Aug. 2
Fearing retaliation, Israel imposes roadblocks on border towns, tightens Gaza blockade
Palestinians search through the rubble of a building in which Khaled Mansour, a top Islamic Jihad militant was killed following an Israeli airstrike in Rafah, southern Gaza strip, on Sunday.

With Islamic Jihad vowing to take vengeance for the arrest, Israel introduces a series of unusual preemptive restrictions on Israelis living by the Gaza border, including roadblocks.

Citing security concerns, Israel shut down both Erez and Kerem Shalom border crossings, preventing essential commodities, including food and fuel, from entering the Gaza Strip.

Medical patients and the 14,000 Palestinians from Gaza with work permits in Israel were also barred from entering and exiting the enclave.

Friday, Aug. 5, 4 P.M.
Israel assassinates senior Islamic Jihad leader in airstrike, launching military operation
Islamic Jihad commander Tayseer al-Jabari.

After closures entered their fourth day, and under growing pressure from local residents, Israel launches airstrikes to assassinate Tayseer al-Jabari, the head of Islamic Jihad’s military wing in the northern Gaza Strip, and claims to kill 10 more militants from the organization.

Over the course of the evening, the Israel Defense Forces proceed to attack Gaza City, Beit Hanoun and Khan Younis, as part of a new military operation code-named Breaking Dawn.

A 5-year-old girl and a 23-year-old woman are among the civilian casualties from the bombing campaign.

Friday, Aug. 5, 9 P.M.
First rocket sirens sound in Israel; Islamic Jihad takes responsibility
An Iron Dome anti-missile system fires an interceptor missile as a rocket is launched from the Gaza Strip towards Israel, in the sky near the Israel-Gaza border on Sunday.

Following al-Jabari’s funeral, Islamic Jihad launches a score of rockets toward Israel, with border towns bearing the brunt of the barrage.

Most rockets are intercepted by the Iron Dome missile defense system, and no injuries are reported.

Despite Islamic Jihad’s capabilities limited to mostly short-range missiles, sirens sounded in the Tel Aviv suburbs of Bat Yam and Rishon Letzion.

Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh blames Israel for the escalation and threatens that "all options are open," but no rocket fire is attributed to the ruling party in the Strip.

Saturday, Aug. 6
Israel continues overnight strikes, carries out West Bank arrests
IDF strikes in Gaza, last night

The Israeli army reports that it destroyed rocket and mortar manufacturing facilities and a rocket-launching site belonging to Islamic Jihad across the Gaza Strip.

At around 6:30 A.M., Israeli forces also carry out arrest raids in the framework of the same operation across the West Bank, detaining 20 Palestinians, all but one of whom is affiliated with the Islamic Jihad.

Saturday, Aug. 6, 12 P.M.
Gaza power plant shuts down
תחנת הכוח ברצועת עזה, בשנה שעברה

The Gaza's sole power plant, a key lifeline for the besieged enclave, is forced to shutter for 12 hours due to a lack of fuel, compounding the long-term shortages and compromising basic services.

Gaza’s Health Ministry warns, “The countdown has begun to halting health services within 72 hours."

Saturday, Aug. 6, 12:30 P.M.
Two Israeli soldiers lightly wounded by mortar fire

Two Israeli soldiers were lightly wounded by mortar shells in the country's south, after a civilian was injured by shrapnel earlier in the day.

Saturday, Aug. 6, 6 P.M.
Islamic Jihad fires volley of rockets toward central Israel
Israel's Iron Dome anti-missile system fires to intercept a rocket launched from the Gaza Strip towards Israel on Saturday.

A barrage of rockets was fired by Islamic Jihad toward central Israel on Saturday evening, with sirens sounding in Tel Aviv and locals reporting loud explosions heard overhead.

Sirens have been blaring throughout the day along the Gaza border, the Judean Foothills, and in the coastal cities of Ashkelon and Ashdod.

Nobody was seriously injured by the attacks, though material damage to property and vehicles was reported in Ashkelon.

Saturday, Aug. 6, 9:30 P.M.
Five Palestinians, including four children, killed in Jabalya refugee camp

At least five Palestinians are killed, including four children, and several more injured by a strike near a mosque in the Jabalya refugee camp in northern Gaza.

The dead were aged five, nine, 10, 11 and 19, with Hamas and the Palestinian media laying the blame with Israel, though Islamic Jihad itself has not responded to the incident.

The Israeli military says it did not carry out any strikes on Jabalya Refugee Camp at the time, adding that the deaths were caused by an errant Islamic Jihad rocket.

In an unusual move, Minister for Culture and Sports Chili Tropper is sent out of the nighttime cabinet meeting to pour cold water on the allegations.

Two videos are distributed appearing to show a rocket veering off into a built-up area, but the footage has not been independently verified.

Saturday, Aug. 6, 10 P.M.
Israel kills northern Islamic Jihad commander
Palestinians search through the rubble of a building in which Khaled Mansour, a top Islamic Jihad militant was killed following an Israeli airstrike in Rafah, southern Gaza strip, on Sunday.

The Israel Defense Forces claim to assassinate Khalid Mansour, the head of the Islamic Jihad's military wing in the southern Strip. Islamic Jihad has not yet confirmed the reports.

At least 40 others are injured in the attack, according to Palestinians.

Shortly after, Maj. Gen. Oded Basyuk, head of Operations Directorate in the Israel Defense Forces, told the press that "all top Islamic Jihad security officials in the [Gaza] Strip have been eliminated" on Saturday.

Sunday, Aug. 7, 8.30 A.M.
Jews ascend Temple Mount as part of the holiday of Tisha B’Av
Religious Jewish visitors at the Temple Mount, Jerusalem, in May.

Hundreds of Jews, including far-right lawmaker Itamar Ben-Gvir, arrive at the Temple Mount Sunday morning, with the gates of the holy site opening for the holiday of Tisha B'Av events, accompanied by roadblocks and beefed-up security presence.

The holy site, known to Muslims as Haram al-Sharif, has become a flashpoint for tensions between Palestinians and Israelis, especially amid a spike of Jewish attempts to worship there in violation of the long-standing religious status quo.

Sunday, Aug. 7
Israel attacks north Gaza, two Palestinians reportedly killed
צפון רצועת עזה, אתמול

Palestinian media says an Israeli strike has hit a house in the Jabalya area of northern Gaza, killing two. Reports say one of the dead had been struck while attempting to attend to wounded people.

Sunday, Aug. 7, 7.30 P.M.
Rocket sirens roar in central Israel amid negotiations

Rocket sirens continued to blare across Israel, reaching as far as the Tel Aviv suburbs of Rishon Letzion and Bat Yam, with one Palestinian worker injured by shrapnel on the coastal city of Ashkelon.

Meanwhile, Israeli diplomatic source confirms that ceasefire talks are ongoing under Egyptian meditation, with the details still being thrashed out behind the scenes.

August 7, 8.30 P.M.
Palestinian deaths mount amid Israeli airstrikes

Four Palestinians, a father and his three children from the al-Nabahin family, were killed by Israeli strikes in the central Gaza Strip on Sunday evening, Palestinian reports say.

Israel's military spokesperson said the deaths were caused by a failed rocket launch by the Islamic Jihad.

Hamas' military wing later identified the father, Yasser al-Nabahin, as one of its members.

An hour earlier, Palestinians reported that eight more people were killed by Israeli strikes: three in a strike on a car in Gaza City, and five others, all children, from a bombing in the northern Gaza Strip.

Israeli officials claim the children were killed by a failed Islamic Jihad strike.

Sunday, Aug. 7, 11.30 P.M.
Cease-fire comes into effect; 44 Palestinians killed

Israel confirmed in a statement the cease-fire will take effect at 11:30 P.M., and thanked Egypt for its mediation efforts.

Both Israel and Islamic Jihad said that they would maintain the right to respond to any further aggression after the weekend of fighting, which left 44 Palestinians dead.

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