Israel's Population Reaches 9.5 Million, on Eve of Its 74th Independence Day

The figure is made up of Jews and Arabs living in Israel and Jews living in West Bank settlements, but not including Palestinians living in the West Bank and Gaza

Ofer Aderet
Ofer Aderet
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Independence day street party in Tel Aviv, last year.
Independence day street party in Tel Aviv, last year.Credit: Hadas Parush
Ofer Aderet
Ofer Aderet

Israel’s population on the eve of its 74th Independence Day now numbers 9.506 million, according to figures published Sunday by the Central Bureau of Statistics.

According to the official statistics, there are 7.021 million Jews (about 74 percent), and about 2 million Arabs (21 percent) and 478,000 people (5 percent) defined as “other”: non-Arab Christians, members of other religions and people designated as without religion, most of whom are immigrants from the countries of the former Soviet Union who are not registered as Jews.

The bureau counts all Jews living in areas under Israeli control in its census, including those living in settlements in the West Bank and the Golan Heights. By contrast, only Arabs living within the Green Line, in East Jerusalem, and the Golan Heights are included. Palestinians living in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, numbering 5.23 million people according to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, are not included in the census.

Israel saw a population increase since last Independence Day of 176,000, or 1.9 percent. During this time 191,000 babies were born, 38,000 people came to live in Israel and 55,000 people died.

When Israel was founded, there were 806,000 people in the country, and close to that time, the population was 82.1 percent Jewish and 17.9 percent Arab. Since the state’s establishment, more than 3.3 million immigrants have arrived; today 78 percent of Israeli Jews were born here, while 45 percent of the world’s Jews live in Israel.

In 2030, Israel’s population is expected to reach 11.1 million, and in 2040, 13.2 million. On Israel’s 100th Independence Day in 2048, the population is predicted to reach 15.2 million.

Israel’s population is young. About 28 percent are children 14 and younger, and about 12 percent are 65 and older. By comparison, in other countries that are members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, approximately 18 percent of the population, on average, are children under 15 and about 17 percent are adults over 65. In Israel, there are nearly 950,000 children up to age 4, and some 50,000 people are age 90 or older.

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