With Ballistic Missile Radar, U.S. Opens First Permanent Military Base in Israel

Air defense base is located within Israel Air Force base in the Negev

U.S. X-band radar of the type stationed in Israel
U.S. X-band radar of the type stationed in Israel Missile Defense Agency

The first permanent U.S. military base in Israel was dedicated on Monday.

A few dozen American soldiers will live and work on the base, situated inside the school of the Aerial Defense Division of the Israel Air Force, in the Negev. High-ranking U.S. officers attended the dedication ceremony.

Brig. Gen. Zvi Haimovich, the commander of the division, said the new base reflects the close military cooperation between Israel and the United States. He declined to elaborate on the exact activities of the American soldiers, but said, “The base is here to stay. It involved a significant allocation of resources, in the understanding that this was right and necessary and part of the United States’ assets in Israel.”

He was evidently referring to the U.S. soldiers who have been operating the X-Band radar system that the United States deployed in the Negev in 2009. The powerful system, which can detect missile launches from a distance of hundreds of kilometers away, was part of U.S. efforts to improve Israel’s defensive capabilities in the face of the growing threat from Iran.

Last week the Aerial Defense Division opened an additional Iron Dome anti-missile battalion. During the 2014 war with Hamas in the Gaza Strip, Israel deployed 10 Iron Dome batteries to intercept Hamas rockets, but this was an emergency deployment that required calling up reserve troops. Usually, a smaller number of batteries are operational at any given time.

Brig. Gen. Zvi Haimovich during a ceremony dedicating the first American base in Israel, September 18, 2017.
IDF Spokesperson's Unit

The IDF plans to increase the number of Iron Dome batteries, while bringing in the medium-range missile defense system David’s Sling.