Move Over, Moses: A Pharaoh May Have Created the Ancient Kingdom of Israel

New archaeological evidence and biblical scholarship suggest Shishak wanted to make Egypt great again – but may have inadvertently steered the Israelites into creating a great nation of their own

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Statue of Osorkon I, Sheshonq's son, found in Byblos, in today's Lebanon
Statue of Osorkon I, Sheshonq's son, found in Byblos, in today's LebanonCredit: Rama
Ariel David
Ariel David
Ariel David
Ariel David

Soon, Jews around the world will be celebrating Passover. As usual, Pharaoh will be starring as the main villain for enslaving the Hebrews, killing their children and being generally pig-headed about letting our people go. But perhaps on this Passover night you could spare a thought for a different pharaoh, one who ruled over Egypt in the middle of the 10th century B.C.E and may have played a very different role in the history of the ancient Israelites.

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