In Her Last Poem, This Jewish-Polish Poet Wrote About the Neighbors Who Turned Her Over to the Nazis

Zuzanna Ginczanka was one of the most important voices in interwar Polish poetry. Her work married the sensual and the intellectual. Her life story is no less intriguing

Zuzanna Ginczanka
Zuzanna Ginczanka. Along with her talent, her dramatic life story has also contributed to the recent mounting interest in Ginczanka.Credit: Adam Mickiewicz Museum of Literature, Warsaw
Ofer Aderet
Ofer Aderet
Ofer Aderet
Ofer Aderet

Polish-Jewish poet Zuzanna Ginczanka wrote her last and most famous poem, commonly referred to as “Non Omnis Moriar,” (“Not all of me will die”), in 1943, as a last will and testament. It included testimony of the betrayal by her neighbors, who turned her over to the Germans during the Holocaust. Several months afterward, she was killed at age 27, her bright future cut short.