'Herr Hezbollah': The German Spy Who Mediated Between Israel and Terror Groups Speaks for First Time

Gerhard Conrad tells Haaretz about his dealings with Mideast terror organizations over the years, and his advice for Israel’s current negotiators with Hamas

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Gerhard Conrad. 'Such deals only happen when the stars are aligned.'
Gerhard Conrad. 'Such deals only happen when the stars are aligned.'Credit: SOEREN STACHE / DPA / dpa Pictures
Yossi Melman head
Yossi Melman
Yossi Melman head
Yossi Melman

In Germany, he was known as “Herr Hezbollah,” but he could also have been given the title “Herr Hamas.” For 30 years, Gerhard Conrad was a top foreign intelligence officer in Germany’s Federal Intelligence Service (the BND), a loyal counterpart of the Mossad.

In the course of his various roles in the organization, he frequently lived or spent time in Damascus, Beirut, Gaza, Cairo and Jerusalem (among other places in the Middle East). But he is best known for his involvement in Israel’s prisoner exchanges with Hezbollah and Hamas.

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