Historian Finds One of the Earliest Public Depictions of Nazi Gas Chambers

A six-panel comic illustrated by August Maria Froehlich first appeared as part of a January 1945 pamphlet entitled 'the bloody record of Nazi atrocities'

Samuel Sokol is a freelance journalist based in Jerusalem. He was previously a correspondent at the Jerusalem Post and has reported for the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, the Israel Broadcasting Authority and the Times of Israel. He is the author of Putin’s Hybrid War and the Jews.
Sam Sokol
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Samuel Sokol is a freelance journalist based in Jerusalem. He was previously a correspondent at the Jerusalem Post and has reported for the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, the Israel Broadcasting Authority and the Times of Israel. He is the author of Putin’s Hybrid War and the Jews.
Sam Sokol

A Dutch researcher has uncovered one of the earliest extant depiction of a Nazi gas chamber “in comic strip form” in the United States, predating almost all other illustrated portrayals of the Holocaust in English.

According to Prof. Kees Ribbens, a historian at the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies in Amsterdam, the six-panel comic illustrated by August Maria Froehlich first appeared as part of a January 1945 pamphlet entitled “The bloody record of Nazi atrocities,” which constituted a “a remarkably early attempt to visualize the gruesome reality” of the death camps as “a process of industrial destruction.”

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