Opinion |

Yitzhak Rabin Is Still Being Assassinated

Rabin was no saint, but he changed, and was gunned down for it. When the U.S. left refuses to remember his peacemaking with the Palestinians, they hand victory to Netanyahu and the Israeli right

Ori Nir
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Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu speaks at the ceremony marking 23 years since Yitzhak Rabin’s assassination at Har Herzl, Jerusalem. 21 October 1998
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu speaks at the ceremony marking 23 years since Yitzhak Rabin's assassination at Har Herzl, Jerusalem. 21 October 2018.Credit: Mark Israel Salem
Ori Nir

In the mid-1990s, I spent most of my working hours talking to Palestinians in the West Bank. I covered Palestinian affairs for Haaretz, and during that period I was speaking day-to-day with more Palestinians than with fellow Israelis.

On the night of Nov. 4, 1995, having just heard from the news desk editor that Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin had been shot, I called Palestinian officials for reaction. I was on the phone with Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erekat when I heard on Israel Radio that Rabin’s spokesman was about to make a statement. 

As Eitan Haber hushed the crowed, I started translating for Erekat: "The government of Israel announces in dismay, in great sadness, and in deep sorrow, the death of Prime Minister and Minister of Defense Yitzhak Rabin, murdered by an assassin tonight in Tel Aviv."

As I cried, I could hear Saeb’s voice crack. I had known Dr. Erekat for years, a relationship that began when he was the editorial writer of the Palestinian daily al-Quds, briefing Israeli reporters on Palestinian politics while sharing a smoke on the steps of the newspaper’s East Jerusalem office. Over the years, we laughed a lot together. Now we were crying.

We cried because of the shock, but also because we realized that this was a seminal moment. We realized that Yigal Amir’s bullets, the ones that that killed Rabin, were also meant to kill the prospects for peace, and we understood that they could very well succeed.

Eitan Haber announces the death of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, assassinated by a Jewish extremist, on November 4, 1995. Haber, a former journalist and adviser to Rabin, died October 7, 2020
Eitan Haber announces the death of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, assassinated by a Jewish extremist, on November 4, 1995. Haber, a former journalist and adviser to Rabin, died October 7, 2020.Credit: EYAL WARSHAVSKY,AP

In the weeks and months that followed, the many Palestinians with whom I spoke talked admiringly of Rabin, including those who still bore scars, physically or metaphorically, from the "break their bones" policy that Rabin had endorsed several years earlier, when the first intifada erupted. 

It was not only Palestinian leaders who were devastated by Rabin’s assassination. For many ordinary Palestinians, Rabin was a symbol of transformation. A transformation among their Israeli neighbors from enmity and conflict to peace, on the road to reconciliation. Many told me that Rabin’s transformation had given them hope – just as it had given hope to so many Israelis.

A week before Rabin was cut down, Israeli forces started withdrawing from West Bank towns, beginning with Jenin.

In this beautiful town, as Israeli forces mounted their jeeps to hand the town to their Palestinian counterparts, I witnessed a playful conversation between young Palestinian men and Israeli border police officers. They knew each other by their first names. Days earlier they were still clashing, rocks vs. batons and tear gas. Now they were joking together. 

Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, U.S. President Bill Clinton, Mubarak, PLO Leader Yasser Arafat and Jordanian King Hussein at the signing of the Oslo Accords II, Taba, Egypt, September 24, 1995.
Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, U.S. President Bill Clinton, Mubarak, PLO Leader Yasser Arafat and Jordanian King Hussein at the signing of the Oslo Accords II, Taba, Egypt, September 24, 1995. Credit: OHAYON AVI / GPO

"We don’t hold a grudge," a 32-year-old Palestinian named Ahmad Ibrahim told me. "We tell them: let’s make peace, without rocks, without batons and without beating."    

Rabin was no saint. I saw him in downtown Ramallah, shortly after the first intifada erupted, when he said that the demonstrations must be quelled "by force, by might, by beating." He never publicly told soldiers to break Palestinians’ bones. But senior sources told me that he did behind closed doors. 

The results of this horrific policy were on display in Palestinian hospitals, overflowing with young men who had been ruthlessly beaten. Israeli and foreign journalists documented the beatings, and harshly criticized him for his brutal policies.

An op-ed I published, headlined "Rabin’s Carrot is a Stick," earned me a wrathful early morning phone call from his spokesman, enraged both by the headline, and by the critique of Rabin’s approach as defense minister, responsible for Israel’s unity government’s policy in the West Bank.

Palestinian children throw stones and wave Palestinian flags during demonstrations Feb 18, 1987, two months into the first intifada, in Nuseirat refugee camp in the Gaza Strip
Palestinian children throw stones and wave Palestinian flags during demonstrations February 18, 1987, two months into the first intifada, in Nuseirat refugee camp in the Gaza Strip.Credit: ESAIAS BAITEL / AFP

But Rabin changed. He came to appreciate the Palestinians’ dogged pursuit of national liberation. I was told by more than one person in his inner circle that after a couple of years of failed attempts to quell the uprising, Rabin explicitly recognized that you can’t break the Palestinians’ spirit and their desire for independence. For many Palestinians, at the time, this became Rabin’s legacy.

It was this legacy that Yigal Amir targeted. Amir became one of the most successful assassins in history. He killed so much more than Rabin. Months after he pulled the trigger, a right-wing government took power, headed by Benjamin Netanyahu, who has worked hard ever since to thwart Rabin’s legacy and hinder efforts to resolve Israel’s conflict with the Palestinians through a historic compromise.

Amidst the kerfuffle surrounding my organization’s event to honor Rabin, my friend and former colleague Gershom Gorenberg wrote:

"Every chapter of a book changes the meaning of all the chapters before. Every day each of us writes a new chapter of our book. Rabin's bio includes harsh chapters. In the final chapter of his life, Rabin broke the mainstream Israeli taboo, recognized Palestinian nationalism, and determinedly pursued peace with the Palestinians (…) No Israeli leader, and very few leaders anywhere, have shown the same kind of courage.”

A wall of graffiti condolences and Peace Now stickers at the renamed Rabin Square in Tel Aviv in 1996, a year after his assassination there
A wall of graffiti condolences and Peace Now stickers at the renamed Rabin Square in Tel Aviv in 1996, a year after his assassination thereCredit: Zvika Israeli, GPO

It is this courage that we at Americans for Peace Now will honor at our October 20 event. It is the spirit and hope that Rabin inspired, among both Israelis and Palestinians. 

In honoring Rabin’s legacy of peace, we hope to remind both sides, and the world, that the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is an existential threat to both peoples.

We hope to rekindle Rabin’s determination to do the hard, thankless – and sometimes dangerous – work to finally resolve this destructive conflict.

Ori Nir, formerly Haaretz's West Bank and Washington correspondent, is Americans for Peace Now's vice president for public affairs. Twitter: @OriNir_APN

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