Ultra-Orthodox Parties Plan Bill to Block Private Conversions Ruling

Shas and United Torah Judaism will attempt to block the High Court's recent ruling that recognizes private Orthodox conversions in Israel.

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A candidate for conversion sits before a special conversion court in Jerusalem.
A candidate for conversion sits before a special conversion court in Jerusalem.Credit: Haaretz
Yair Ettinger
Yair Ettinger

The two ultra-Orthodox parties in the government, Shas and United Torah Judaism, are planning to sponsor legislation to block implementation of last week’s High Court ruling that recognized private Orthodox conversions in Israel. It would also block recognition of conversions performed under auspices of the Reform and Conservative movements.

The court ruling relates to conversions performed in Israel alone. Non-Orthodox conversions performed outside of Israel for the purposes of the Law of Return, which grants citizenship rights to Jews abroad, are not affected by the ruling.

In its ruling on Thursday, the High Court accorded recognition to conversions performed privately by Israeli ultra-Orthodox community rabbis outside of the auspices of the Chief Rabbinate. Nevertheless, the ultra-Orthodox parties view the ruling as a precedent that opens the door to other overly lenient religious courts.

Yakov Litzman of the Hassidic Agudat Yisrael faction and MK Moshe Gafni of the Degel Hatorah faction.Credit: Olivier Fitoussi

The reaction from the non-Hassidic so-called Lithuanian wing of ultra-Orthodox Jews, which might have been expected to hail the ruling that recognizes the private religious court headed by Bnei Brak Rabbi NIssim Karelitz, was not positive. The Degel Hatorah newspaper Yated Ne’eman, which represents the stream, published a story on the issue Friday with the headline accusing the high court of continuing to “undermine.” It ran next to an editorial entitled “A devious and strangling embrace.”

“[The High Court] intends to destroy conversion and condone ‘conversions’ by Tzohar and pave the way to Reform ‘conversion’ in a dangerous trick,” the paper stated. Tzohar is an organization of religious Zionist rabbis who seek to bridge the divide with the secular community and liberalize conversion practices. “It is not coming by force but rather purportedly authorizing the Badatzim (private religious courts) with a pleasant smile.”

Two United Torah Judaism members, MK Moshe Gafni of the Degel Hatorah faction and Health Minister Yakov Litzman of the Hassidic Agudat Yisrael faction, issued a joint statement in which they declared their intention to sponsor legislation on the issue. It would be similar to legislation that they are promoting to circumvent a recent High Court ruling that requires local Orthodox religious councils to allow their ritual baths to be used for Reform and Conservative conversions. Bezalel Smotrich of the Habayit Hayehudi party said he would support legislation bypassing the court's ruling.

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