After Golan Recognition, Palestinian President Blames Trump for Emboldening Israel's 'Racist Policies'

Addressing an Arab League summit in Tunis, Mahmoud Abbas said that Israeli policy has led to a situation where 'we have lost hope that peace can ever be reached'

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas attends the 30th Arab League summit in Tunis on March 31, 2019.
AFP

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas said Sunday that U.S. support is responsible for emboldening Israel's "racist policies" and its belief that it can operate "above the law." 

Speaking at an Arab League summit in the Tunisian capital, and referring to U.S. President Donald Trump's recognition of Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights, Abbas blamed the Trump administration for destroying the Arab peace initiative and altering the accepted U.S. policy regarding peace negotiations. According to Abbas, the U.S. has forfeited its role as a mediator in the Middle East peace process.

Abbas specifically cited Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital, and said that Trump had taken the issues of the settlements and Palestinian refugees off the table.

Abbas said that Israel's policies have destroyed the two state solution and led to a situation where "we have lost hope that peace can ever be reached."

Arab leaders papered over long-running regional rivalries on Sunday to condemn a U.S. move to recognize Israel's sovereignty over the Syrian Golan Heights and said stability in the Middle East hinged on creating a Palestinian state. 

>> Why Golan recognition can't pave way for Israel to annex West Bank | Analysis

Arab leaders grappled with regional splits over Iran's influence in the Middle East, a bitter Gulf Arab dispute, international pressure over the war in Yemen and unrest in Algeria and Sudan. 

But they have found a reason to unite against President Donald Trump's decision to sign a proclamation last week recognizing the Golan Heights as part of Israel, which annexed the area in 1981 after capturing it from Syria in 1967. 

Saudi Arabia's King Salman bin Abdulaziz speaks with Tunisian President Beji Caid Essebsi during the group photo with Arab leaders, ahead of the 30th Arab Summit in Tunis, Tunisia, March 31, 2019.
Zoubeir Souissi/Reuters

It follows a U.S. move less than four months ago to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital, a decision that also prompted Arab condemnation. Palestinians want East Jerusalem as the capital of a future state in the West Bank and Gaza. 

Saudi Arabia's King Salman bin Abdulaziz told Arab monarchs, presidents and prime ministers at the start of the summit that his country "absolutely rejects" any measures that affect Syria's sovereignty over the Golan Heights. 

His remarks echoed those of senior Arab officials before Sunday's summit of the Arab League, which usually ends with a final declaration agreed by the 22 member states. 

Tunisian President Beji Caid Essebsi said Arab leaders also needed to ensure the international community understood the importance of the Palestinian cause to Arab nations. 

Regional and international stability should come through "a just and comprehensive settlement that includes the rights of the Palestinian people and leads to the establishment of a Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital," Essebsi said. 

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who addressed the meeting in Tunis, said any resolution to the Syrian conflict must guarantee the territorial integrity of Syria "including the occupied Golan Heights". 

Rifts remain

Summit spokesman Mahmoud Al-Khmeiry had said before the summit that Arab states would also repeat a call offering peace with Israel in exchange for occupied Arab lands and would reject any initiative not in line with UN resolutions. 

Khmeiry appeared to be referring to a still-unannounced U.S. peace plan by White House adviser Jared Kushner and Trump son-in-law that Palestinians have refused to discuss. 

Despite a show of unity in rejecting U.S. initiatives that support Israeli policies, Arab states remain divided over a range of other issues, including pro-democracy protests that have erupted in the region since 2011 and over Iran's Middle East influence. 

King Salman, whose country has long vied with Iran for influence, called for confronting what he called the "aggressive policies of the Iranian regime". He said Iran was interfering in Arab affairs, a charge Tehran has long denied. 

>> Thousands protest in Jordan over U.S. recognition of Golan Heights

The Tunis summit brought together the rulers of Saudi Arabia and Qatar for the first time at the same gathering since 2017 when Riyadh and its allies imposed a political and economic boycott on Doha. Saudi Arabia and its allies accuse Qatar of supporting terrorism and cozying up to Iran, an accusation Doha denies. 

The leaders of Sudan and Algeria did not attend Sunday's meeting, with both nations roiled by anti-government protests. 

Abdelaziz Bouteflika, Algeria's ailing 82-year-old president who has ruled for 20 years, and Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, in power for three decades and wanted by international prosecutors for alleged war crimes in his country's Darfur region, are both facing calls to step down

Syria's seat at the summit was vacant. Damascus as been suspended from the League since 2011 over its crackdown on protesters at the start of its civil war. The League has said no consensus has yet been reached to allow Syria's reinstatement.